PRACTICES AND KNOWLEDGE ON ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH HAZARDS OF PESTICIDE USE

Topics: Pesticide, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Pesticide application Pages: 9 (2154 words) Published: September 26, 2013
PRACTICES AND KNOW LEDGE ON ENVIRONMENTAL AND
HEALTH HAZARDS OF FARM PESTICIDE USE

Kenneth D. Barrientos

AKLAN STATE UNIVERSITY-IBAJAY CAMPUS
College of Hospitality and Rural Resource Management
Ibajay, Aklan

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PRACTICES AND KNOWLEDGE ON ENVIRONMENTAL AND
HEALTH HAZARDS OF FARM PESTICIDE USE
Kenneth D. Barrientos
ABSTRACT
The study was conducted to find out the practices and knowledge on environmental and health hazards on farm pesticide used by rice farmers in the seven agricultural barangays in the Municipality of Ibajay, Aklan. Data were collected from the 99 rice farmers and 76 barangay officials from January to February 2013 using an interview schedule translated in the Aklanon dialect to elicit information.

Results showed that the respondents were mostly males, 43 years old, married, and finished secondary education. Most of the farmers were landowners with an average size of one hectare irrigated farmland. They had participated in local governance and members of associations. All farmers used insecticides to control rice pests. Most of them safely applied pesticides using knapsack sprayer, wore long-sleeves, long pants and facemask. They stored pesticides safely by burying empty pesticide containers and some were burned. Farmers acquired their knowledge on pesticides from the Agricultural Technologists of LGU Ibajay assigned in the municipality. The health problems experienced associated with pesticide mishandling were skin rashes redness of skin discoloration of the nails, shortness of breath, vomiting, itching of eyes and blurred vision. Generally, farmers had knowledge on the environmental and health hazards of pesticides.

Keywords: Pesticides Knowledge Practices Environmental hazards Health hazards Pesticide residues

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INTRODUCTION
Pesticides are important agricultural input used to eliminate pests and ensure increase rice production. However, studies shows that the unsystematic use of pesticides had resulted to ecological imbalances of farming system, worsening pest problems and creating harmful effects on environment and human health (Oczon, 2012; Rola and Pingali, 1993). Kedia and Palis (2008) revealed that the farmers lack of awareness and limited knowledge on the dangers of using pesticides were due to their difficulties to comprehend the complex agrochemical label instructions and health safety information of the use of pesticides.

Rice farming is one of the major sources of income in the municipality of Ibajay, Aklan. Ibajay has a total population of 45,279 (Census of population and Housing, 2010) with 25 barangays engaged in rice farming. Most of the farmers attended trainings and seminars in rice production. However, increased production was given much attention rather than health and safety of farmers on the use of pesticides. Hence, this study attempted to examine the practices and knowledge of rice farmers on environmental and health hazards due to pesticide use.

Statement of the Problem
The study aimed to determine the practices and knowledge on
environmental and health hazards of pesticide use in the of Ibajay. Specifically, the study aimed to answer the following questions:
1. what is the socio-demographic and economic profile of the respondents in terms of age, gender, educational attainment, marital status, number of children, number of years in farming, total area of farmland, type of farm, ownership of land, source of farm input, average rice production per cropping, and participation in local governance and associations? 2. what are the kinds of pesticides used by the farmers?

3. what are the practices adopted in handling, application, and disposal of farm pesticides?
4. what are the sources of knowledge on pesticides?
5. what are the symptoms associated with mishandling pesticides? 6. what is the knowledge of the respondents on the environmental and health hazards of using pesticides?
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METHODS
Research Design
The study used descriptive-survey...

Cited: Environmental Protection Agency (1991). Applying Pesticides Correctly: A Guide
for Private and Commercial Applicators
http://www.aglearn.net/resources/resUse/pestAppMeths.pdf. Date
retrieved: December 4, 2012.
Indira Devi, P. (2009). Health Risk Perceptions, Awareness and Handling
Behaviour of Pesticides by Farm Workers in Kerala
Available at http://www.dec.ny.gov/ docs/pm6.pdf. Date retrieved:
December 6, 2012
Kedia, Satish K. and F.G. Palis (2008). Health Effects of Pesticide Exposure
among Filipino Rice Farmers
http://www.dec.ny.gov/ docs/pm6.pdf. Date retrieved: December 4, 2012
Noble, S.H
Oczon, J.D. (2012) Practices on Handling, Application and Disposal of farm
Pesticides on the Municipality of Malay
Pingali, P. L., Marquez, C.B., Palis, F. G. and Rola, A.C. (1994) The impact of
pesticides on farmers health: A medical and economic analysis in the
4. Date retrieved: December 4, 2012
Rola, A.C
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