Poverty Philippines Causes Constraints

Topics: Poverty, Poverty in the United States, Poverty reduction Pages: 136 (48386 words) Published: December 5, 2014
POVERTY
IN THE PHILIPPINES
CAUSES, CONSTRAINTS,
AND OPPORTUNITIES

© 2009 Asian Development Bank
All rights reserved. Published 2009.
Printed in the Philippines.
ISBN 978-971-561-857-1
Publication Stock No. RPT090621
Cataloging-In-Publication Data
Asian Development Bank.
Poverty in the Philippines: causes, constraints, and opportunities. Mandaluyong City, Philippines: Asian Development Bank, 2009. 1. Poverty.

2. Philippines.

I. Asian Development Bank.

The views expressed in this book are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) or its Board of Governors or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this publication and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use.

By making any designation of or reference to a particular territory or geographic area, or by using the term “country” in this document, ADB does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area

ADB encourages printing or copying information exclusively for personal and noncommercial use with proper acknowledgment of ADB. Users are restricted from reselling, redistributing, or creating derivative works for commercial purposes without the express, written consent of ADB.

Note: In this report, “$” refers to US dollars, “P” refers to Philippine pesos.

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CONTENTS

LIST OF TABLES, FIGURES, BOXES, AND APPENDIXES ............................................ iv ACKNOWLEDGMENTS .......................................................................................... vii ABBREVIATIONS .................................................................................................... viii PART 1

Executive Summary ................................................................................ 1

PART 2

Introduction ........................................................................................... 7

PART 3

Poverty Profile ........................................................................................ 9

PART 4

Causes of Poverty ................................................................................... 39

PART 5

Impacts of Poverty on Economic Growth and Development .................. 53

PART 6

Institutions and Governance in the Poverty Response ............................ 61

PART 7

Summary of Key Findings and Recommendations .................................. 79

REFERENCES ......................................................................................................... 87 APPENDIXES ......................................................................................................... 95

Contents

iii

LIST OF TABLES, FIGURES, BOXES,
AND APPENDIXES
TABLES
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28

iv

Official Sources of Poverty-Related Data
Poverty Incidence and Gini Coefficient, 1985–2000
Magnitude of Poverty in the Philippines Population, 1985–2000 Annual Per Capita Poverty Thresholds, Poverty Incidence, and Magnitude of Poor Families: 2000, 2003, and 2006
Annual Per Capita Poverty Thresholds, Poverty Incidence, and Magnitude of Poor Population: 2000, 2003, and 2006
Ranking of Poorest Provinces in the Philippines, 2003 and 2006 Poorest 20 Municipalities in the Philippines, 2003
Poverty Incidence and Magnitude by Island Grouping
Provinces with the Largest Numbers of Poor People
Annual Per Capita Food Thresholds, Subsistence Incidence, and Magnitude of Subsistence of Poor Families: 2000, 2003, and 2006
Distribution of Poor and Nonpoor Households in Urban and Rural Areas, 2006 Income...

References: incidence (Dollar and Kray 2004, Rodrik 2000).
down (i.e., 1987–1989, 1994–1997, and 2000–
2003).
studies have also shown the importance of illness
to poverty descents (Narayan and Petesh 2007).
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