1) What is poverty?
Poverty, in the dictionary definition, is a state of being extremely poor. But, there is something called a poverty line which is a level which is when you are considered in poverty. This poverty line differs from country to country, as there are different living standards. For example, some people who are considered in poverty in Britain are actually quite rich in third world countries like in parts of Africa. However, there is a difference between ‘needs’ and ‘wants’.
The basic needs in life are the key essentials of living. I consider that if you don’t have these needs, you are truly in poverty: food, shelter and clothing. You could argue how complex those essentials should need. I believe that the food must be healthy food. The shelter should have heating and plumbing. The clothing must be good quality.
‘Wants’ are quite hard to distinguish. Some people think not having a television, computer or radio is true poverty. Not having a car is also considered as a factor as being poor. I believe that if you can survive without it, then it is a ‘want’. You can travel to somewhere on public transport. You can get news from a newspaper. Amusing yourself does not need to include electronic devices.
2) What are the main causes of poverty?
There is great deal of factors which contribute to the fact of becoming poor. Unemployment, taxes, rents and high prices are the main points.
Unemployment leads to no income, which means there is no way you can buy food and clothing. In the 21st century, this is becoming a problem as you here on the news that there thousands losing jobs, plus the annoying adverts for job centres. In Tudor times, 90% of people were agricultural farmers or workers. But when landowners started putting sheep onto their land instead of crops (enclosures), people were unemployed. Thus more beggars were roaming the streets.
When taxes and rents go up, people start to fret. This means paying more money and less money