Poverty in the Philippines

Topics: Poverty, Millennium Development Goals, United Nations Pages: 6 (2430 words) Published: June 4, 2013
4/25/2013
4/25/2013

An Essay about
An Essay about
Franzgel Gamit
student
Franzgel Gamit
student
Poverty in the Philippines
UN Millennium Development Goal
Poverty in the Philippines
UN Millennium Development Goal

MDG 1 Report: Poverty in the Philippines

INTRODUCTION
Poverty reduction has been a major problem for all developing countries. As Kofi Annan stated “The biggest enemy of health in the developing world is poverty” (Kofi Annan, cited in WHO, 2013). Poverty is experienced all over the world but its effect is most significantly seen in developing countries like Philippines, one of the nations with a high rate of poverty according to World Health Organisation. Addressing this problem poses an extensive standing struggle to the Philippines since this has been the primary objective of previous administrations. According to Schelzig (2005), the Philippines has obvious unequal income distribution which supports the conclusion that the Filipinos in the lower distribution is highly susceptible in impoverished living conditions and depravity from basic sustenance and necessities, leaving households vulnerable (Schelzig, 2005). Over the past decade, since Philippines embraced the millennium development goal of the United Nations to eradicate poverty and to improve the lives of its people, issues on poverty and hunger have become more and more prominent in rural and depressed areas, despite of the improvement of its economic status and the implementation of programs to address these problems, poverty rate has not been reduced to what is expected. Based on the information that I have collated, this essay will show statistical status of poverty, examine and/or discuss briefly the primary causes of poverty, programs that is in place to address poverty and the obstacles faced by the government in implementing those programs to ease the suffering of the people.

DEFINITION OF TERMS
The United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is created to deliver the whole United Nations with a blueprint to work collaboratively towards a common objective to fight against poverty and starvation, illnesses, illiteracy, ecological deprivation and discrimination against women. Basically to improve lives of the people around the world specially to the developing and underdevelop countries, agreed to try to achieve by the year 2015. (World Health Organisation, 2013). Poverty – defined by European Anti-Poverty Network (EAPN) poverty has two types; absolute and relative poverty. “Absolute poverty is when people have shortage or even absence of basic human needs for existence”. Example of basic needs are: food, shelter, clothing and medicines to stay alive. “Relative poverty is when some people’s way of life and income is so much worse than the general standard of living in the country or region in which they live that they struggle to live a normal life and to join in social, economic and cultural activities” (EAPN, 2013). The Asian Development Bank (ADB) defined poverty as “deprivation of essential assets and opportunities to which every human is entitled” (ADB, 1999). Corruption – commonly defined as the misuse or mishandling of civic office for personal advantage (World Bank). As Kaufmann and Siegelbaun (1996) stated that “from this definition it should not be concluded that corruption cannot exist within private sector activities. It also exist in activities regulated by the government. In several cases of corruption, the abuse of public power is not necessarily for one’s private benefit but it can be for the benefit of one’s party, class, tribe, friends, family” (Kaufmann and Siegelbaun, 1996).

HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL FACTORS
The Philippines is an island nation with the combination of “interracial mixture of prehistoric Negritos, Indonesians, and the Malays, the Filipino people were born” and it’s been a country of interest of other powerful nations (Nebres, Zulueta, 2008) Possibly the reason why the Philippines...

References: ADB, (1999). Fighting Poverty in Asia and the Pacific: The Poverty Reduction Strategy of the Asian Development Bank, Manila.
Endriga, J. N., (2001).The national civil service system of the Philippines. In John P. Burns and Bidhya Bowornthana (eds.) Civil Service Systems in Asia (pp.212-248). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, Inc.
McCoy, A.W., (1995). An Anarchy of Families: State & Family in the Philippines. Center for Southeast Asian Studies. Retrieved from http://www.goodreads.com/book/show/786690.An_Anarchy_of_Families
Nebres, A.M., Zulueta, F
NSCB, (2009). 2009 Philippine Poverty Statistics. Posted 8th of Feb. 2011 retrieve from http://www.nscb.gov.ph/poverty/2009/
Ramos, E
The United States Department of State. Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs. Retrieved from http:/www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2794#history. Accessed 1st of April 2013
UNDP, (2013)
United Nations. (2006). The Millennium Development Goals Report. 2005 World Summit Outcome, United Nations, 16th September 2005.United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs DESA- June 2006.
World Bank. 2012. Definition of Corruption. Retrieved from http://search.worldbank.org/all?qterm=what+is+corruption&title=&filetype=. Accessed 9th of April 2013
WHO, (2013)
World Health Organization (2009). World Health Statistics 2009. Geneva. ISBN 978-92-4-156381-9. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/whosis/whostat/EN_WHS09_Full.pdf. Accessed 28th of March 2013
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