Poverty as a Critical Issue in Child Development

Topics: Developmental psychology, Social status, Sociology Pages: 13 (3624 words) Published: May 14, 2015


Poverty as a Critical Issue in Child Development
Yue Su
San Jose State University

Poverty as a Critical Issue in Child Development
A myriad of governments across the globe are often faced with the problem of dealing with the issues facing children across the globe. Growing up in poverty impacts negatively affects the growth of children. Children from poor backgrounds are not in a position to associate well with other children from either middle or top class in the society. These children are a time bullied since they are unable to afford some things like toys which to them are basics. No one can deny that poverty negatively impacts the life of a child. Research has proven that the development of a child mainly depends on the kind of life a child gets at a younger age. It is axiomatic to argue that a child who grows under poverty conditions is likely to have poor mental development. To have an imperative discussion of the paper, it is important to delineate the unembellished key concepts in the study which is ‘poverty’. It is defined as a condition whereby person’s basic needs like clothing, food and shelter are not being met. Poverty is divided into two the first being absolute poverty. It is often synonymous with destitution which happens when persons are not in a position to get the required resources so as to support the low levels of the physical health. Relative poverty takes place when persons fail to enjoy certain level of living standards which are proved by the government and this varies from one country to another. This is often on the upsurge and maybe tricky in eradicating. Environment human beings stay influences a lot the level of their mental development. The fullness in the development of mental capacity of a child depends a lot on the environment and the background of the child. The discussion in this paper will focus on the effects of poverty on the lives of children as they grow in the country. Poverty has proven to be an institution in the world impacting the lives of millions of the populace. There has been an associated structural change in the economy characterized by high rate of mental health, skyrocketing rates of incarceration with the increased number of children being injected to poor health conditions. There have also been increased family breakdown systems. Poverty influences the development of the children especially when it comes to their mental maturity. Various research that has been conducted across the under developing countries have indicated that children from these places tend to have low mental maturity. The same happens to those living in major slums like in Brazil, Soweto South Africa and Kibera in Nairobi; most of the children during their school year in these places undergo unquestionable frustrations. When they go to class, they seldom participate and understand things fully. The discussion in this paper will focus on how poverty affects the mental development of a child and hope it influences their growth and development into old age. The environment affects the mental and physical development of human beings. The lives of children for instance are impacted great deal with the kind of people they often see in their surroundings. Some of the issues which have been discussed in the past include poverty, family squabbles, and single parenthood among others. The above variables in one way or another affects the moral upstanding of a child as he/she grows. There has been an associated structural change in the economy characterized by high rate of mental health, skyrocketing rates of incarceration with the increased number of children being injected to poor health conditions. There have also been increased family breakdown systems. The above variables influence the development of the children especially when it comes to their mental maturity (Nguyen, 1995). As a result of chronic disorders, low socio economic results in the upsurge of...


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