The vision that most people associate with the term poverty is developing countries with widespread famine and disease killing the population, however in reality it also occurs in wealthy, well developed countries and is very much present in today’s society. This essay aims to explain what is understood to be child poverty by definition and to examine the key causes of child poverty, looking at issues such as unemployment and the factors associated with it, education and how a poor education can be a contributing cause of poverty and how social factors can also be an important cause in child poverty. Once the key causes have been examined and discussed it is then possible to identify the key impacts of child poverty, looking at how poverty shapes a child’s life from an early age, the effects it has on their education, health and behaviour as well as discussing how the cycle continues from one generation to the next, concluding with a summary on all the points that have been discussed and evaluating the information that has been gathered.
All around, poverty is very much existent in the UK today and occurs when people do not have the means to have what would commonly be considered as a comfortable, healthy way of life when compared to the average person. The term poverty can be defined as individuals lacking the resources to obtain the diet, living conditions, social activities and amenities that are customary in society (Townsend, 1979.)
It is widely accepted that the main factor contributing to families living in poverty is lack of money; however this cannot be seen as the only reason for children living in poverty. According to the government’s actual definition, a child is deemed to be living in poverty when the total household income is 60% below the average income. (BBC, 2012.) However further studies have shown that child poverty is more complex than household income and to be understood properly it needs
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