A MEMBER OF THE TAYLOR » FRANCIS GROUP
* Ft not?"
London and New York
In memory of
Robert J. McHale 1927-85 Steve Sloan 1952-85 Arthur A. Cohen 1928-86
First published in 1987 by
Published in Great Britain by Methuen 6- Co. Ltd
Reprinted 1989,1991 by Routledge 11 New Fetter Lane London EC4P 4EE 29 West 35th Street New York, NY 10001
© 19S7 Brian McHale
Photosct by Rowland Phototypesetting Ltd
Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk
Printed in Great Britain at the
University Press, Cambridge
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced, or utilized in any form or by any electronic, mechanical or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording or in any information storage or retrici>al system, without permission in writing from the publishers.
Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data
1. Fiction—20//1 century—History and criticism. 2. Postmodernism.
I. Title. PN3503.M24 1987
/SEN 0-416-36390-3 ISBN 0-415-04513-4
British Lil'rui-y Ctitiil
McHale, Brim. Postmodernist ficti 1. Fiction — 20th ce I. Title. S09.3
ISBN 0-416-363 90-3 1SBNO-4I5-U4513-4
m Publication Data tury — History and criticism.
Acknowledgments Preface x XI
1: From modernist to postmodernist fiction: change of dominant
2: Some ontologies of fiction Heterocosm
"The old analogy between Author and God" Ingarden Possible worlds The social construction of (un)reality
6 12 13
15 18 19 21
3: In the zone
How to build a zone Ohio, Oz, and other zones Intertextual zones
4: Worlds in collision Parallel lines
45 49 56