Post Modernism Modernism

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Introduction
Prior to understanding the multiple perspectives with regards to the statement, I will first decipher the terminologies used. (Volti 2012) states that technology can be defined in the most general way as the use of knowledge and organization to produce objects and techniques for the attainment of specific goals. Adding on, to my understanding of organisations, it is where it is designed to achieve specific goals with the collaboration of variables such as technologies, frameworks relating people and etc. Multiple perspectives is looking at the world producing different knowledge in different ways and this different perspective come to be associated with their own concepts & theories. (Hatch & Cunliffe 2006) In my essay, I will use three perspectives which is modernism, symbolic interpretive and postmodernism and show their different views on the role of technology in organisations and why they hold them. Then, I will analyse each perspective to what they have to say on this issue and why do they say it.

The foundation of all theories
For comparison of the three perspectives to take place, assumptions underlying each of these perspective should be examined and a good place to begin is with the philosophical choices of ontology and epistemology. Ontology is concerned with how you choose to define what is real whereas epistemology is concerned with how you form knowledge and establish criteria for evaluating it. (Hatch & Cunliffe 2006)

Modernism
Modernist ontology is objectivism where it belief in objective, external reality whose existence is independent of our knowledge of it whereas for epistemology, it is positivism where truth is discovered through conceptualisation and reliable measurement that allows us to test knowledge against an objective world; knowledge accumulates, allowing humans to progress and evolve. (Hatch & Cunliffe 2006)
(Hatch & Cunliffe 2006) states you must commit to limiting what you count as



References: Alvesson, M. and Deetz, S.A. (2006) Critical theory and postmodernism approaches to organizational studies. In Clegg, S.R.; Hardy, C.; Lawrence, T.B. and Nord, W.R. (eds.) The SAGE handbook of organization studies (p. 255-283). 2nd ed. London; Thousand Oaks; Calif. : Sage Publications Blackler, F. (1994) Post modern organizations: understanding how CSCW affects organizations. Journal of Information Technology, vol. 9, issue 2 Jo Hatch, M & Cunliffe, LA 2006, Organization theory’, Oxford University Press Inc, New york, US. Volti, R.( 2012) An introduction to sociology of work and occupations (2nd ed.) Thousand Oaks, Calif : Sage Publications Volti, R.(2005) Society and technological change (5th ed.) New york ; Worth publishers Volti, R.(2005) Organization and technological change (5th ed.) New york ; Worth publishers Wajcman, J., (2002), “Addressing Technological Change: The Challenge to Social Theory”, Current Sociology, 50: (3), pp.347-363.

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