3. Literature review
7. Method of Data collection
8. Survey Questionnaire
9. Gujarat’s Vulnerability to Earthquake
10. Case Study: Bhuj Earthquake
11. Drawbacks of the Bhuj earthquake
12. Gujarat State Disaster Management Authority (GSDMA)
13. Data Analysis
India has been traditionally vulnerable to natural disasters on account of its unique geo-climatic conditions. Floods, droughts, cyclones, earthquakes and landslides have been recurrent phenomena. About 60% of the landmass is prone to earthquakes of various intensities; over 40 million hectares is prone to floods; about 8% of the total area is prone to cyclones and 68% of the area is susceptible to drought. In the decade 1990-2000, an average of about 4344 people lost their lives and about 30 million people were affected by disasters every year. This paper emphasis on management during and after an disaster and readiness of the state in response to future earthquakes.
Many Natural Disasters in India have caused havoc to the life and property of citizens and nature as a whole from time to time. These disasters include Cyclones, Floods, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, Famines, Drought, and Landslides etc. Amongst all the ones mentioned floods and earthquakes are the most common in India.
An earthquake is the sudden rapid shaking of the Earth caused by the release of energy stored in the rocks. Earthquakes not only destroy the entire habitation but may de-
stabilize the government, economy and social structure of the country. LITERATURE REVIEW
The aim of this research is to study the response of a state in case of earthquake, to study the past drawbacks in terms of rescue, relief, monitoring and mitigation during the disaster management. We will also analyse the present scenario and the state’s preparedness for any future disaster for understanding their abilities to cope up with the same.
The hypothesis arrived at for this research is state’s preparedness to deal with an Earthquake in terms of awareness, monitoring, mitigation, response and capability of recovery are required to be enhanced and integrated.
There is a huge scope of research in this field but paper is restricted to disasters caused by earthquake and post earthquake relief actions taken by government and other agencies.
METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION
The following sources were used for data collection:
Internet material including other research papers and articles on the subject.
Survey for experts: This survey was done based on the reviews and perceptions of experts in the field of earthquake engineering.
This includes their viewpoints towards the post-earthquake relief measures of the past earthquake as well as their perceptions for improving the same for future need.
The survey consists of two types of questionnaire as follows: 1. Survey for experts
2. Survey for agencies
Interactions with the Gujarat State Disaster Management authority (GSDMA)
Interactions with Gujarat State Emergency Operation Centre (SEOC)
Reports of national organizations.
Disaster Management for an Earthquake
Date: - ____/_____/______
1.) Which organizations keep records of past disasters?
2.) What is the risk identification technique’s used for the disasters?
3.) What are the improvements in our risk identification techniques needed according to your viewpoint?
Early Warning Systems:
4.) What early warning systems are in place? Where?
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