Running Head: REINFORCEMENT WHEN DEALING
Positive Replacement Behavior
A) Reinforcement when dealing with behaviors, is a stimuli that increases the likelihood of a certain behavior to reoccur, reinforcement typically occurs after the behavior that is supposed to be reinforced. There are two types of reinforcement, Positive and negative, both of them serving the same purpose but providing the results in different means. Positive reinforcement occurs when a behavior is being reinforced by "rewarding " the desired behavior. Examples of positive reinforcement include giving a child praise for cleaning his room, taking the child out for a special dinner for getting a good report card, or letting a child get a new toy for being good on a shopping trip, these examples are not all inclusive, but can give a short look at how positive reinforcement can be used. (Todd, 2010) Negative Reinforcement on the other hand occurs when something already present as a result of a behavior is removed. (Wheeler & Richy, 2010) Examples of negative reinforcement include but are certainly not limited to, a child's vegetables being taken away after screaming; the carrots being taken away is the reinforcer which is strengthening the screaming behavior, buckling your seatbelt to avoid buzzing sound in car; the reinforcer is the sound being taken away, and the behavior is putting on a seatbelt, or taking a pain pill to relieve a headache; the reinforcer is the relief of your headache and the behavior is taking the pain pills. As an educator it is important for me to be able to use both positive and negative reinforcement effectively to help my students show and obtain the proper behaviors. When teaching it can be very easy to implement positive reinforcements in the classroom. "According to Psychology of Classroom" some commonly used positive reinforcers used by educators are giving praise, special attention, reward tokens, or stickers. (Anderman & Anderman 2009)The...
References: Anderman, E., & Anderman, L. (2009). Psychology of classroom learning: An encyclopedia. (Vol. 2, pp. 737-739). Detroit MI: MacMillian.
Wheeler, J., & Richy, D. (2010). Behavior management: Principles and practices of positive behavioral supports. (2 ed., pp. 274-349). Columbus OH: Pearson Education.
Todd, L. (2010). Increasing approriate behavior and teaching alternative behaviors. Retrieved from https://lc.gcu.edu/learningPlatform/user/users.html?operation=loggedIn
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