Positive psychology : A New Way to Aging Gracefully in India
Presented By: Dr.(Mrs.)Renu Jha- Principal(Education)
Shri Jain-Divakar Mahavidyalaya,Indore
In last one decade there has been lot of focus on Positive psychology for good and a departure from traditional psychology ,which targetted on fixing psychological problem related to pathology.
Positive psychology is a recent branch of psychology whose purpose was nicely explained. Positive psychology is a science of positive aspects of human life, such as happiness, wellbeing and flourishing. It can be summarised in the words of its founder, Martin Seligman, as the ‘scientific study of optimal human functioning [that] aims to discover and promote the factors that allow individuals and communities to thrive’. Aging is enevitable part of our life and despite the many advances in technology,gentics,it has not been possible to prevent Aging.
It is however, observed that with advancement in medical science aging population the world over is increasing.
The country like India which is one of five largest economies in the world with its lop sided economic development,aging popoulation is increasing rapidly and it is estimated that within next two decade it be 30 crores .
In the face of globalization, privatization, and liberalization, aging gracefully is quite a challenge specifically in countries like India where largest component of population is growing middle class,hence larger no. of middle class elders followed by poor and than economically well off rich class.
Objective : To review the role of positive psychology as related to Aging Garcefully-Indian context.
Method : Descriptive review : Review & analysis the previous studies and important researches in the areas of positive psychology & aging gracefully. Present paper reviews the important researches done in the area of Aging Gracefully with respect to positive psychology.The paper also attempts the emphasis the importance of positive psychology as important ground in India on the subject ‘Aging Garcefully’.
With rampant growth in population increase scarcity of resources resulted in race ti survive at any cost impacting social and moral values of individuals and disintegration of families from extended families to nuclear families and nuclear families to live-in relationship with ultimate consequence of isolation in old age resulting in number of socio-psychological complications e.g anxity,depression & other disorders. All these complications make it difficult to live happily and gracefully for Aging population.
The Role of Positive Psychology becomes very important under such conditions. As Psychology has more often than not emphasised the shortcomings of individuals as compared with their potentials. This particular approach focuses on the potentials. It is not targeted at fixing problems, but is focused on researching things that make life worth living instead. In short, positive psychology is concerned not with how to transform, for example, –8 to –2 but with how to bring +2 to +8. Background
Several humanistic psychologists—such as Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers, and Erich Fromm—developed theories and practices that involved human happiness. Recently the theories of human flourishing developed by these humanistic psychologists have found empirical support from studies by positive psychologists. Positive psychology has also moved ahead in a number of new directions. Positive psychology began as a new area of psychology in 1998 when Martin Seligman, considered the father of the modern positive psychology movement, chose it as the theme for his term as president of the American Psychological Association,though the term originates with Maslow, in his 1954 book Motivation and Personality, and there have been indications that psychologists since the 1950s have been increasingly focused on promoting mental health rather than merely treating illness.Seligman pointed out that for the...
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