Positive and Negative Effects of the Columbian Exchange

Topics: Native Americans in the United States, New World, Indigenous peoples of the Americas Pages: 2 (796 words) Published: April 5, 2009
Although Columbus's revelation of the New World to the Old World caused deadly diseases to both hemispheres, a loss of preservation of native American culture in the New World, and the unhealthy effect of tobacco in the Old World, it made an overall positive impact in lasting terms by the introduction of religion and horses and cattle in the New World and the new agriculture advancements and alpacas. The Eastern-Western hemisphere encounter was obviously positive in the Western hemisphere because of the fact that most of us here would have never been born, but the introduction of religions made a lasting impact. Most Europeans were religious and wanted to share their faith with the natives. Some people also came to escape religious persecution and be free to have their own beliefs. By sharing their faith, accepting natives had a new sense of peace and generosity like religious Europeans. It also helped early communication and commonalities of the New and Old Worlds because the natives would have better first impressions of the Europeans thinking that they are good people and the Europeans thought more of the religious natives as people rather than savages. When horses and cattle were introduced, it was one of the greatest advancements for Native Americans. Horses allowed transportation and long distance communication to flow more easily. Hunting was affected by both horses and cattle. Horses are obviously swifter than human feet and cattle could either be wild and hunted or raised and butchered. Either way, cattle provided more meat than small game or deer; They also contain more fat which had a much better connotation than it does nowadays. Despite the improvements for the New World, disease was the most prominent malefactor. Illnesses like malaria were unfair players because the natives had no built up immunity to them. Few of the Americans survived these diseases which made it easier for an eventual complete take over of native land through bioterrorism. The...
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