As history proves, the Stuarts learned nothing from the Civil War. One would think that after hiding away, awaiting the day that England would decide to restore its monarchy, they would have realized the faults in their fathers beliefs that had caused the disastrous civil war. Once they had reclaimed the throne from 11 years of Commonwealth, they followed the ways of their father, CharlesⅠ, into the belief of the Divine Right of Kings. This made Parliament wonder, did the Stuarts learn any thing from the Civil War?CharlesⅡ was the first monarch after the Civil War. When parliament decided that England needed a king, CharlesⅡ was called over from France where he had been hiding from Oliver Cromwells army. CharlesⅡ was a hide-away Catholic, because he, unlike his father, was attempting to stay on parliaments good side. CharlesⅡdemanded religious tolerance, which gave him the ability to worship in the Catholic style, while keeping parliament happy. Although CharlesⅡ never went to the extremes of his predecessors, he still was a believer in the Divine Right of Kings, giving him, in his mind, full power over England. All in all, though CharlesⅡ was not a bad ruler to fix much of Englands problems, he still kept the beliefs of his father. As said by Judge Blackstone, The constitution of England had arrived to its full vigour, and the true balance between liberty and prerogative was happily established by law, in the reign of King Charles the SecondJamesⅡ, unlike his brother CharlesⅡ, was just like his father. JamesⅡ believed, to the extreme, in the Divine right of Kings. Along with his previously stated belief, JamesⅡ also believed in Absolute Monarchy and was a devote Catholic. These three beliefs caused JamesⅡ to be very much disliked by parliament, and therefore, the people. After putting up with two years of his reign, Parliament finally called in Mary, JamesⅡprotestant daughter, and William of Orange, her husband, to come and force JamesⅡ to abdicate the throne....
Bibliography: AMES II., The Columbia Encyclopaedia, Sixth Edition 2008Fox, Charles James. The Speeches of the Right Honourable Charles James Fox, in the House of Commons. University of Michigan: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1815.
James II, http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-James2Eng.htmlNote: This was an in class writing test so there is not as much detail as on an actual essay.
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