pork barrel baby thesis

Topics: Government spending, Tax Pages: 12 (4220 words) Published: December 5, 2013
“Makibaka Wag Magbaboy”
The Pork Barrel System in the Philippines

Casunuran, Ivan Rhey O.
De Ocampo, John Robert S.
Veloso, Victor Luis C. III

Table of Contents
Pork Barrel and its History……………………………………………………………………… 3 Usage of the Pork Barrel………………………………………………………………………… 6 Officials that uses the Pork Barrel……………………………………………………………….. 7 Importance of Pork Barrel………………………………………………………………………. 8 For abolition or continuation………...…………………………………………………………. 10 Conclusions and Recommendations……………………………………………………………. 15

Pork Barrel
It is the appropriation of government spending for localized projects secured solely or primarily to bring money to a representative's district. (Wikipedia, 2013) It is the used of government funds for projects designed to win votes. History

The term pork barrel politics usually refers to spending which is intended to benefit constituents of a politician in return for their political support, either in the form of campaign contributions or votes. In the popular 1863 story "The Children of the Public", Edward Everett Hale used the term pork barrel as a homely metaphor for any form of public spending to the citizenry. After the American Civil War, however, the term came to be used in a derogatory sense. The Oxford English Dictionary dates the modern sense of the term from 1873. By the 1870s, references to "pork" were common in Congress, and the term was further popularized by a 1919 article by Chester Collins Maxey in the National Municipal Review, which reported on certain legislative acts known to members of Congress as "pork barrel bills". He claimed that the phrase originated in a pre-Civil War practice of giving slaves a barrel of salt pork as a reward and requiring them to compete among themselves to get their share of the handout. More generally, a barrel of salt pork was a common larder item in 19th century households, and could be used as a measure of the family's financial well-being. For example, in his 1845 novel The Chainbearer, James Fenimore Cooper wrote, "I hold a family to be in a desperate way, when the mother can see the bottom of the pork barrel." Pork barrel has its origin in the American history. Prior to the civil war, the slaves in the Southern part of America were traditionally provided salted pork as a gift to enjoy on holiday. The slaves would run into frantic for the barrel . Kawanaka cited Evans that the onrush of the legislators to get a subsidy was evocative of the stampede of the slave of the pre American Civil war. Pork barrel formally defined as the appropriations of public funds for projects that do not serve the interests of any large portion of the country’s citizenry but are nevertheless vigorous promoted by a small group of legislators because they will pump outside taxpayers’ money and resources into the local districts these legislators represent ; an effective legislation and use of pork barrel results into the legislator being re-elected. As defined by a Civil Society group in the Philippines, PDAF Watch, “pork barrel funds are those allocated to politicians such as congresspersons and senators, to be used, based on their decision, to fund programs or projects in their districts ”. (Maboloc, 2011) Although the history of pork barrel-like discretionary funds in the Philippines dates back to 1922 during the American colonial period, the PDAF in its current form was only established during the administration of Corazon Aquino with the creation of the Countryside Development Fund (CDF) in 1990. With ₱2.3 billion in initial funding, the CDF was designed to allow legislators to fund small-scale infrastructure or community projects which fell outside the scope of the national infrastructure program, which was often restricted to large infrastructure items. The CDF was later renamed the PDAF in 2000, during the administration of Joseph Estrada. Since 2008, every member of the House of Representatives usually...
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