Population Policy in Aisa - China Vs. India
Both China and India are very important countries not only in Asia, but the world. As the largest and second largest population country in the world, their population policy has great effects on many areas of the world. Such as agriculture, economy, education. Through my project, we can find out that both China and India spend a lot of efforts in control their population and achieved some goals. China reduced population growth in the country of 1.3 billion by as much as 300 million people over its first twenty years. Although India has a obvious results in control the population, it improves the health system and decreases the mortality rate of the country. But there were many Challenges through their implementation of the population policies. For example, in the beginning of their population control plan is always come with violence and coercive measures. Through the prosecution of the population policies the conflict between Custom Culture and birth control policy is normal. And in the future, the two countries will face the problems of energies, resources and aging
Asia is the world‘s largest and most populous continent. It covers 30% of the Earth‘s land surface，which is much larger than Europe and Africa put together, or North and South America together. In Asia, there are over 4 billion people - more than half the world's population. Top 10 largest population countries of the world, 6 of them are Asian counties. They are China，India，Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Japan. Especially, China and India alone account for more than 2.5 billion people. This two countries population policies have great influence in the world on economy，education，agriculture and labor force. The purpose of discussion about the difference and similarity of population policy between China and India is to make people understand better about fertility trends, family planning, reproductive health and impacts of economic booms and crises on fertility. And the major objectives are to improve understanding of the societal, familial, and individual consequences of population growth.
China Population Policy：
Brief Introduction of China Component Elements：
Generally China can count as Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau and Republic of China (Taiwan). The mainland China has population about 1.34 billion which is 20% of the world. In 2025, the population of China will around 1.5 billion and in 2050 will be 1.6 billion.
Process History of China Population Policy：
First period (1950 – 1965) . After China end the World WarⅡ, and finished its civil war. The birth rate in the society were set free from war, disease, instability, poverty, and grow up quickly. According to Chinese tradition, Chinese people believe “more sons means great happiness”. Because the males are accounted as the labor force can support the family. On the other hand, China was fighting in the Korea War with American; the arming consumed a lot of soldiers. The government hopes through encourage the fertility, the arming will be supported. Therefore the population expansion became the characteristic of that time.
Second period (1966- 1976) – After 1960s，Chinese government realized that the birth rate is too high. In the 1970s the Chinese government had issued three policies to reduce the birth rate, which is “Later, longer, fewer”:
| |Basic Definition | | |Later marriage – men were encouraged to marry no earlier than 28 years old (25 in rural areas) and women no | |Later |earlier than 25 years old (23 in rural areas). | | |Longer spacing between births – couples were encouraged to allow at least a four-year gap after the first child| |Longer |before having...
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