1. Rosh Hashanah-Jewish New Year
Date: The first and second days of Tishri
Reasons: The Jewish New Year is a time to begin self-examination, looking back at the mistakes of the past year and planning the changes to make in the new year. The Bible refers to the holiday as Yom Ha-Zikkaron (the day of remembrance) or Yom Teruah (the day of the sounding of the shofar). The holiday is instituted in Leviticus 23:24-25. No work is permitted on Rosh Hashanah. Much of the day is spent in synagogue.
Tishri- THE 7TH MONTH
Significance: New Year
Length: 2 Days (Some: 1 Day)
Customs: Dipping apples in honey; Casting off "sins" into a river
2. Yom Kippur
Significance: Day of Atonement
Observances: Fasting, Prayer and Repentance
Length: 25 Hours
Liturgy additions: Annulment of vows; lengthy confession of sins
Yom Kippur occurs on the 10th day of Tishri. The holiday is instituted at Leviticus 23:26 et seq. "Yom Kippur" means "Day of Atonement,"
It is a day set aside to "afflict the soul," to atone for the sins of the past year. To demonstrate your repentance and make amends for all the sins you’ve committed. Yom Kippur is a complete Sabbath; no work can be performed on that day. It is well-known that you are supposed to refrain from eating and drinking (even water) on Yom Kippur. It is a complete, 25-hour fast beginning before sunset on the evening before Yom Kippur and ending after nightfall on the day of Yom Kippur. The Talmud also specifies additional restrictions that are less well-known: washing and bathing, anointing one's body (with cosmetics, deodorants, etc.), wearing leather shoes, and engaging in sexual relations are all prohibited on Yom Kippur. It is customary to wear white on the holiday, which symbolizes purity and calls to mind the promise that our sins shall be made as white as snow (Is. 1:18) 3. Sukkot
Significance: Remembers the wandering in the dessert; also a harvest festival Length: 7 days
The Festival of...
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