Politics In India

Topics: Democracy, India, Social class Pages: 7 (1835 words) Published: May 29, 2014
WHAT ARE THE CHALLENGES FACING DEMOCARCY?

POLITICAL SCIENCE 1101 RESEARCH PAPER

COMPILED BY

BALJIT SINGH

300191011

DOUGLAS COLLEGE

THIS PAPER WAS PREPARED FOR POLITICAL SCIENCE 1101, SECTION 050, TAUGHT BY PROFESSOR SHAUN TYAKOFF

Democracy is defined as ' The Government of the people, for the people, and by

The people, but there are many challenges facing democracy in many countries

across the world. India is a perfect example of a nation that is 'fully democratic' even as it develops and faces several challenges. This paper is divided into two different parts showing the problems facing Indian Democracy. The first part briefly talks about the Inequality among peoples in India. Inequality is also divided into three main categories such as Geographic, Social and Demographic. The second part is an approach to identify the problem of corruption among political leaders and discussing the development of criminalization of politics.

One of the major issues facing Indian democracy today is Inequality among the citizens of India, weather it is Geographic Inequality, Social Inequality, or Demographic Inequality. First of all, Geographic inequality occurs when a government and citizens of different regions have unequal parliament representation. Geographic inequality is a big issue India is facing today because of its uneven density of representatives per population (D.Joshi, 2012,402). Geographic inequality also occurs when the party they are choosing does not represent voters in a district. In statistics it showed that, in 2009, India's 543 LS constituencies averaged 14.9 candidates, but only one representative was elected by each district (D.Joshi, 2012, 402). The statistics showed that it was only half of the voters in every constituency with no representation at district level.

Another big issue Indian democracy is facing is Demographic Inequality, this type of inequality occurs when the government of the nation fails to reflect the class, gender, age, ethnic, religious and ethnic makeup of its population. One of the things that D.Joshi points out (2012) is that elderly people in India are over - represented and young people are twice as under- represented in India. However, the greatest inequality a country could have is less female representatives. Increasing female representatives in India could help them reduce gender inequality. India is a nation where discrimination against women is widely spread across the country, whereas men are considered a source of income and prosperity. With lack of women education and power, the nation is facing a devastating challenge's towards its democracy. In some areas of India, women are not allowed to participate in any voting elections.

Moreover, the third type of Inequality that Indian democracy is facing is social inequality. Although, every person or citizen in a democratic society has the right to vote or fight elections, but in some nation's like India, only rich upper class citizens have the chance to win the elections. Also, upper class people are usually elected as representatives who make the law and frame policies that only favor's them. Furthermore, another challenge Indian Democracy facing today is the caste system among the people. In India, upper class Hindus make promises using voters as a tool to gain power in an election. However, low caste majority are usually forced to participate in an electoral process. Unfortunately, the 'social class system in India is based on the notion of purity and pollution in which upper class does not interact with [equal rights] with the low castes' (Anwar, 2012). It neglects the rights of citizens for having freedom of expression, right to elect their own representatives, freedom of religious practices and other rights in a democratic state.

Moreover, because Indian population is so large and it is a diversely mixed society, people in India have wide identity available to them. Manor (1996) stated that,...


Bibliography: Manor, James. 1996. "`Ethnicity ' and politics in India."
_International Affairs_ 72, no
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Jaffrelot, Christophe. 2002. "Indian Democracy: The Rule of Law on Trial."
_India Review_ 1, no
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(Accessed February 16, 2014).
M, Anwar. 2012. 'Indian Democracy and Caste System '
http://www.ngoworldpk.com/articles/indian-democracy-and-caste-system.htm
(Accessed February 20, 2014)
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