Defined as the study of the state in all its elements, aspects and relationships
e.g. government and its organs, institutions through which the state functions.
Is also a systematic analysis to discover not only about the state but as well as political attitudes, controversial issues concerning state operation, powers and functions
The word politics has its origins in Ancient Greece. All of the cities in Ancient Greece, such as Athens, Sparta, and Corinth, were referred to as city-states and the Greek word for a city-state was polis (πολις)
Aristotle made the observation that every polis is a kind of association and that man by nature is a political animal. This relationship may be characterized by rule, authority, or power.
Indeed, when men live together in association, they create rules, authorities or governments to deal with the conflicts. * ETYMOLOGICAL DEFINITION
Latin Politicus was an adjective that was used to describe anything “of the state”.
“Politics is a fascinating game, because politics is government.
It is the art of government.” –Harry Truman
“Politics is the gentle art of getting votes from the poor and campaign funds from the rich by promising to protect each from the other.” OSCAR AMERINGER
Political Scientist or Politician? * A political scientist is deeply involved in the study of politics. * He endeavors continuously to observe political phenomenon * Does researches on political activities * A politician is a political practitioner
Fields of Political Science 1. Political theory/philosophy 2. Public Law 3. International relations – law, organization 4. Government 5. Comparative Government 6. Public Administration 7. Political Dynamics 8. Legislation 9. Government and Business 10. Political theory 1. deals with the study of the state through a systematic body of principles relating to the origin, form,