Political Science 1 midterm exam

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Midterm Exam

Section 1: Definition of terms.

Authority: the power or right to give orders, make decisions, and enforce obedience. e.g.: In the presidential election, the winning party takes office without a struggle or show of military force because everyone understands the legitimacy of its newly won authority. It is important because the orders made from a government without authority will not be implemented.

Power: the political power is the ability to shape and control the political behavior of other and to lead and guide their behavior in the direction desired by the person, group, or institution wielding the political power. e.g.: If person A has political power over B, then A is able to motivate, inspire, incite, stimulate B’s political behavior. It is important because

Policy: a plan or course of action, as of a government, political party, or business, intended to influence and determine decisions, actions, and other matters. e.g.:

Hamilton: a founding father of the U.S., and he was the first Secretary of the Treasury during 1789 to 1795. e.g.:

New Jersey: a state of the east-central U.S. on the Atlantic Ocean. It was admitted as of one of the original Thirteen Colonies in 1787. e.g.:

Virginia: a state of the eastern U.S. on Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic Ocean, and it was admitted as one of the original Thirteen Colonies in 1788. e.g.:

Politics: the activities or affairs engaged by a government, politician, or political party. e.g.: Madison: the full name is James Madison, who was the fourth president of the U.S. (1809-1817). e.g.:

Monarchy: a form of government in which supreme authority is vested in a single and usually hereditary figure, such as a king, and whose powers can vary from those of an absolute despot to those of a figurehead. e.g.:

Oligarchy: government by a small group of people. e.g.:

Government: the exercise of political authority over the actions, affairs of a political unit or people, as

Cited: Lloyd, Gordon. "Introduction to the Constitutional Convention | Teaching American History."Teaching American History. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2014. Swendson, Paul. "Why Was the Articles of Confederation Replaced by the Constitution?"HubPages. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2014. Yu, Esther. "What Are the Benefits of a Federal System of Government?" Answers. Answers Corporation, n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2014. November 4th, 2008, Barack Obama was elected to be the 44th President of the United States, and he is also the current President of the U.S Shmoop Editorial Team. "The 2008 Election." Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 15 Oct. 2014.

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