Political Geography Review

Topics: Sovereign state, Nation, Federation Pages: 2 (554 words) Published: May 16, 2014
I. Terms
a. Centripetal force- An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state b. Centrifugal force- A force that divides people and countries c. Shatterbelt- An area of instability between regions with opposing political and cultural values d. Nation- a group of people with a common culture occupying a particular territory, bound together by a strong sense of unity arising from shared beliefs and customs.  e. Nation-state- an ideal form consisting of a homogeneous group governed by their own state. Very few states are true nation-states, because most states contain minority peoples who belong to another nation. f. State- An area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government with control over its internal and foreign affairs g. Unitary State- Countries with highly centralized governments, few internal cultural contrasts, strong sense of national identity and borders that are clearly cultural as well as political. h. Federal State- A state with a two tiered system of government and a clear distinction between the powers vested in the central government and those residing in the governments of the component regional subdivisions. i. Colony- A territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than completely independent. j. City- state- A sovereign state comprising a city a city and its immediate hinterland k. Colonialism- Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory. l. Imperialism- Control of territory already occupied and organized by an indigenous society. m. Relic boundary- boundaries that are not currently relevant but have been in the past - and have important cultural/social implications. n. Gerrymander- The illegal redrawing of political boundaries for political gain by a political power o. Frontier- A zone separating two states in which neither state exercises political control p. apartheid

q. Regionalism-...
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