POLIGOV – MIDTERM
F / DGE01 / 2:40- 5:40/ A917
Guinto, Deanne S.
January 30, 2015
De Castro, Leon
Ms. Portia Elaine Bismonte
TAKE-HOME ACTIVITY #1/Graded Recitation #1
“Political Ideas/Theories and Their Philosophers”
St. Augustine “The City of God”
St. Augustine of Hippo was born on the 13th of November 345 in Thagaste, the modern day city of Souk Ahras in Algeria. He died at the age of 76 on the 28th of August 430 in Hippo Regius where he had been named Bishop in 395. As a philosopher and theologian, he was the first Christian to offer comprehensive Philosophy of History which influenced the development of Western Christianity and Philosophy. For his writings in the Patristic Era he is seen as one of the most important Church Fathers in Western Christianity. City of God and Confessions are one of his most important works.
The beatification of Plato’s understanding of the two realms: The perfect Celestial Kingdom and The Corrupt copy is one of his greatest accomplishments as a philosopher. One finds this strain and conflict between this world and the next in all of Christopher Dawson’s ideas like “Christian culture is always in conflict with the world,” Dawson wrote directly.
For St. Augustine and for Dawson, one also cannot readily separate the two cities, the City of God and the City of Man, in any Manichean sense. While the two cities do not meet spiritually, they intermingle physically. “We must remember that behind the natural process of social conflict and tension which runs through history there is a deeper law of spiritual duality and polarization,” Dawson argued in no uncertain terms, “which is expressed in the teaching of the Gospel on the opposition of the World and the Kingdom of God and in St. Augustine’s doctrine of the two cities Babylon and Jerusalem whose conflict run through all history and gives it its ultimate significance.”
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