Policy Process Part 1
Policy Process Part 1
With health care as an issue in the United States there are steps and processes taken to make health care affordable. Policies are made when a problem arises to prevent future problems and to clear the current problem. A policy has three stages it must go through those are, formulation stage, legislative stage, and implementation stage. Medicare was established in 1965 by the government and provides millions of Americans with insurance coverage. Medicare is a government run program to those 65 and older are eligible along with those with disabilities of any age. Policies made affect insured Americans, organizations, and workers. Over the course of many years policies have been made; formulation, legislative, and implementation to achieve where Medicare is today.
Formulation is a process developing and choosing an appropriate course of action for a policy. Formulation means that an idea or action that will take care of a current problem or situation at hand. It also gives a plan and details about what needs to be done about the current problem or situation. To many people formulation can be a big task and is often the most difficult because of the decision-making process. Formulation also requires hours of research from organizations, individuals, government, and other groups (Chowdhury, 2003).
This part of formulation each group discusses obstacles that may come up and provide other solutions for those problems. They also use this time to set up goals with steps that need to be taken to get to the goal at hand. Within the first step of a policy formulation, he or she must first identify the problem and put that on his or her agenda (Chowdhury, 2003). This part is to set a long-term goal or objective of the policy. In this part of formulation policy makers must be able to identify which objectives are essential to the policy making process and rule out other
References: Abood, S. (2007, January 31). Influencing Health Care in the Legislative Arena. American Nurses Association. Retrieved October 21, 2012, from http://nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/ANAMarketplace/ANAPeriodicals/OJIN/TableofContents/Volume122007/No1Jan07/tpc32_216091.html Chowdhury, D. K. (2003, August 1). The Process of Policy and Strategy Formulation. The Process of Policy and Strategy Formulation. Retrieved October 21, 2012, from www.warpo.gov.bd/rep/wp020/wp020.PDF Public Policy-Making: Implementation, Evaluation, Change, and Termination. (2004, January 1). Public Policy-Making: Implementation, Evaluation, Change and Termination. Retrieved October 21, 2012, from https://courses.worldcampus.psu.edu/welcome/plsc490/print.html Spratt, K. (2009, October 1). Policy Implementation Barriers Analysis: Conceptual Framework and Pilot Test in Three Countries. USAID Health Policy Initiative. Retrieved October 21, 2012, from www.healthpolicyinitiative.com/Publications/Documents/998_1_PIBA_FINAL_12_07_09_acc.pdf The Legislative Process (n.d.). The United States House of Representatives Â· House.gov. Retrieved October 21, 2012, from http://www.house.gov/content/learn/legislative_process/