Models of Education Policy
Education Policy is the principle and government policy-making in educational field, as well as the collection of laws and rules that govern the operation of education systems. It has to do with answering questions about the purpose of education and the objectives of the laws that govern the education system. It’s about the methods used to attain the tools used to measure the success of the failure of our education system. It also pertains on how the education laws are carried out and what methods are used within the education system to help educate our children.
There are three models of education. These models are Incrementalism, Group Theory, and Neoinstitutionalism. The models of education are the theoretical foundation of any overall approaches and beliefs about learning, instruction, and content. An educational model is limited compare to a common life philosophy but is also more general than specific methods used in instruction.
The first model is Incrementalism. Incrementalism is a policy of making changes that more refer to social changes, by degrees and changes in goals. What this means is that is a way of adding to a project by making small changes along the way. When utilizing the incrementalism method it can become confusing on the long run. With this method it can become hard to identify the problem, even though it very easy to apply. Adding small changes along the way can become an easy solution. At the end without identifying the problem, small solutions can’t be the best decision for the long run.
The send model is Group Theory. What group theory means is how a group of people with similar political, social, or economic interests unite into conventional groups with the objective of modeling or influencing the educational policy process. These groups are considered as “interest groups”. They work towards their interest and what they believe is right for our schools and our children.
The third method is called the Neoinstitutionalism. The Neoinstitutionalism means that educational policy works under a great deal on constraints. “Explores how institutional structures, rules, norms, and cultures constrain the choices and actions of individuals when they are part of a political institution.”
Each Method can be seen one way or another in our Educational Policies, but the one that can better describe our Educational System in the neoinstitutionalism. I based my observation is how politics have become more important than creating laws to help the people. Every decision in our education system has become mre and more about money. We as a Country refuse to use our best resources to educate our future generations, and create these barriers by using laws that only affect in a negative way rather than in a positive way.
One great example has been how we have handled the Common Core State Standards. We have taking a great concept and idea and turned it about money and oppression. After the CCSS we create standardized testing to see which schools do best than others and provide those schools with more funding based on their tests results. The low income schools that have low rates get less money, based on testings’ results rather than more money to help raise the results of their tests.
As we compare the other methods against the neoinstitutionalism we can clearly see the difference. When it comes to Incrementalism we can see many times this method being used around many school systems and even in our Policy making decisions. At the end of the day we many time make the changes need when a policy is not working. We can try to bandage a problem, but we later move out what’s not working and create new things. One example is the Common Core Standards. As of 2015 many states have adopted other initiatives for the state due to the lack of acceptance of the common core. Utilizing the Race to the Top Grant my state...
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