February 23, 2015
This policy analysis is based on the Social Security Act of 1935. This analysis will help you explore the difficulties of the American people prior to the Social security act of 1935 and the also the later years. This analysis will explain the importance of the Social Security Policy for population and how the policy will continue to have an effect on the society. The Social Security Act was initially put in place for people suffering from unemployment. Now, the social security act of 1935 regulates the provision of benefits to people to meet basic life needs, such as employment, income, food, housing, and healthcare.
Historical Background of the Policy
The social security act of 1935 is an act that provided the general welfare by establishing a system of federal old-age benefits, and by enabling the several states to make more adequate establishments for aged persons, blind persons, dependent and children with special needs, child welfare, public health, and the administration of their unemployment compensation laws to establish a social security board to raise revenue and for other purpose. The Act provided for unemployment insurance, old-age insurance and means-tested welfare programs. The Great Depression was clearly a catalyst for the Social Security Act of 1935, and some of its provisions—notably the means-tested programs were intended to offer immediate relief to families. However, the old-age insurance program, Survivors, and Disability Insurance was not designed specifically to deal with the economic crisis of that era. Before the social security act aroused many people face poverty in old age. By the end of World War I, The American society had become primarily urban and industrialized. A large portion of the American people was dependent on cash wages for their support than ever before. By the mid 1930’s, the lifetime savings of millions of people had been whipped out. By 1932, unemployment had reached thirty-four percent of the nonagricultural work forces and national income was dropped forty-three percent. The vast numbers of people and people nearing old age, the loss of their savings brought with it the prospect of living their remaining years in destitution. At the height of the depression, many people were flat out broke. The poor houses and other relief agencies that existed at the time to assist people who had fallen on hard times were financed mainly from charity and local funds.
Many people throughout human history have faced the challenges brought on unemployment, illness, disability, or old age. These facts are known to be a part of economic security. Economic security is a universal human problem including the ways in which an individual or a family provides for some assurance of income. People had to come to terms with the big problem in some way and the various stages for addressing problems. The various strategies for addressing problems relied on collective and individual matters. The individual strategies were saving money or developing investments. The collective part was relying on your family, charitable places, religious facilities, welfare programs, etc (Martin, 2005).
During the late summer of 1935, there was no social security program in play it was just an idea that was translated into a congressional act and social security board consisting of three members who had been given the idea and the act with instructions to get the process going for the social security act. The board appointed an executive director and started working on the structure of the organization which they thought would make the social security concept an actuality. From the perspective of the public administration it was a distinctive task and great opportunity to build a foundation to the people in need.
The original program was designed to pay retirement...
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DeWitt, L. (2010). THE DECISION TO EXCLUDE AGRICULTURAL AND DOMESTIC WORKERS FROM THE 1935 SOCIAL SECURITY ACT. Social Security Bulletin, 70(4), 49-68.
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Will Social Security still exist when I retire? (n.d.)
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