Police Development and Operation Trends
Police Development and Operation Trends
Police organizations bring different meaning to different people based on age, sex, relationship, etc. If you were to ask a person who was the age of 30 in 1950, I am sure they would have drastically different details in regards to the policing that took place within their police organizations, than if you were to ask a person today of age 30. This is because although most policing organizations still utilize the hierarchal systems and the para-military based structure, the development of departments, technology, trends, and relationships with civilians has all changed. Some police organizations feel that the changes are only for the better and that the changes are much needed to ensure the possible policing within the police organizations. However, change to some is always negative and no matter what signs of improvement are displayed, change just will not be justified. Throughout the paper you read how the trends, organization, and developments have changed policing within the police organizations.
Organizational Management of Policing
The organizational management within the policing is straightforward. Local police, city, and county, make up the third part of the jurisdiction. “Community policing represents an alternative to the traditional form of police organizations” (Walker-Katz, 2008, p. 100). Within each different part of the local police there are different responsibilities that must function together to protect the communities. A chain of command is crucial it helps sort out the order of authority within the departments. Much like the military, law enforcement uses captain, lieutenant, and sergeant rankings, which places officers in ranks highest to lowest. Some cities may have thousands of police officers who divide duties, some towns only have one officer who fills the roles or “status hierarchy —their assigned status within the police department” (Walker- Katz, 2008, p. 106). The basic requirement for a police officer is standardized throughout the United States. One issue that creates a challenge for American Policing is the police subculture, which prescribes the basic assumptions and values that can permeate law enforcement agencies. Unacceptable police practices have been the reason for introducing amendments (such as Miranda rights) to ensure that citizens’ rights were protected. The criminal justice system is set in place to create order among the people. The criminal justice system is made up of three primary components. The organizational management in policing consists of the corrections branch, the law enforcement/police branch, and the judiciary/courts branch. Each of these branches performs a different function, and has numerous individual responsibilities to keep maintenance and order for the system. Each component has a different role to play, and contributes in its own way. The first to encounter the suspected offender is the law enforcement officer, or peace/police officer. When the suspect is apprehended, the suspect is taken to the officer’s station, held to be booked, inspected, and introduced to the general population of fellow criminals. Police administration is present on every level of a police agency.
Administration of Policing
In examining the administration of policing within a police organization one must first focus on structure. “Police agencies are bureaucratic paramilitary organizations that have traditionally been slow to change” (Jones, 2008). This quasi military style has been criticized for many reasons over the years. It is believed that this structure marks police against society and enlists a war on crime attitude which can lead to the mistreatment of people in the community. In recent years, the arrival of the community policing philosophy has induced drastic attempts of organizational change in police organizations by mandating a decentralized...
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