2.a) Who? — Who is the narrator (speaker) of the poem? Who are the other characters in the poem? What do you know about these people? Evidence? Theres not exactly a narrator except whoever wrote the poem. I suppose the characters would be the birds. We know that one bird is free for it talked about soaring on the wind and dipping its wings in the rays of light. We know that the other bird is caged. For its wings are clipped and its feet tied.
b) Where? and When? (Setting) — What are the implications of setting the poem at this place and this time?
The setting of this poem isn’t clear. But there is two different settings. One of the caged bird and one of the free bird.
c) What happens? (Plot) — Exactly what events happen or have happened in the poem? The events happening have to do with the caged birds screeches echoing and lingering and the free bird soaring onto new heights.
3. a) Imagery and Image Patterns
b) Figurative Language – ie. Simile, Metaphor, Personiﬁcation, Allusion, etc. Personification: the free bird leaps
Imagery: Leaping on the back of wind
c) Sound Techniques — ie. Rhyme, Alliteration, Onomatopoeia, etc Rhyme: with a fearful
…….but longed for
…….on the distant
d) Other Language Techniques
5. Identify and explain the signiﬁcant shifts and changes in the poem.
Speciﬁcally, look for shifts in:
a) narrative voice (ie. the change to a new speaker)
b) stanzas (Why change to a new stanza here?)
“The caged bird sings
with a fearful trill
of things unknown
but longed for still
and his tune is heard
on the distant hill
for the caged bird
sings of freedom.”
How he is going back and forth between rhyming words
c) image patterns, diction, syntax
“dips his wing in the orange sun rays”
d) setting, action
in a cage, soaring through the skies
e) logical organisation (Key Words but, however, yet, although, etc) none
f) verb tenses
longed, sings, leaps, floats,
g) line lengths