13 October 2012
Analysis of some Poems of “Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair” Neftali Ricardo Reyes Eliecer Basoalto, better known as Pablo Neruda was a Chilean poet, considered one of the best and most influential artists of the century, "the greatest poet of the twentieth century in any language" (García Márquez). He was also a prominent political activist; member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party, candidate for the presidency of his country and ambassador in France. Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair are based on real experiences of the young Neruda. The poet had mixed in his verses the physical characteristics of several real women of his youth to create an image of an unreal lover the collection is not directed to a single woman, which represents an idea of the object of his beloved purely poetic. Neruda uses several poetic resources to transmit his feelings to the reader, some of these resources are comparisons metaphors and ironies which are highly used on his work, the language used is simple and very descriptive, his poems are very romantic, the principle topics are the melancholy and love and his style is surrealistic and very descriptive. The poem 15 is "I like You When you are Quiet", of the book twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair talks about Neruda's feelings toward his beloved. This poem consists of 20 verses which can be divided in two parts: The first part would be from verse 1 to verse 19. The rhyme in this poem is pretty regular in almost all the poem. Poem 15 is a description of his beloved sleeping. Neruda uses comparisons and metaphors to create detailed descriptions about his emotions, people, things, nature, situations and feelings. The influence of surrealism in his comparisons are very clear, poet always chooses strange or unexpected things to describe simple things. An example of his comparisons can be found in verse 15: "You are like the night, quiet and...
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