Top-Rated Free Essay

Pneumonia: Nicotine and Respiratory Health

Satisfactory Essays
Topic Selected The topic of pneumonia is appropriate for a teaching plan for the older adult population due to the fact that older adults are at risk for acquiring pneumonia.
Description of the Teaching Plan The learning objectives for this teaching plan are health promotion and prevention. As nurses it is important to promote good health and prevent disease. One goal for this teaching plan is that students will be able to promote respiratory heath in their patients. Another goal is that students will be able to learn how to prevent pneumonia in their patients. One intervention to promote health is to know who is at risk. Nurses need to know how to recognize who is at risk for pneumonia. Patients at risk for developing pneumonia are “the very elderly, smokers, and those with chronic lung disease or any severe illness or injury, such as severe head trauma, chest trauma, or shock. Other risk factors include diabetes, alcoholism, malnutrition, history of antibiotic or corticosteroid use, decreased levels of consciousness, immunosuppression, poor oral hygiene, and elevated gastric pH. Early ambulation after surgery, use of an incentive spirometer, and adequate fluid intake all promote respiratory health. Specific interventions to reach the second goal are the nurse should discuss the effects of smoking and second hand smoke on health. Explain the importance of smoking cessation and avoiding excessive alcohol intake. Patients at risk should be taught to avoid contact with others who have upper respiratory infections. If patient is a smoker or uses tobacco products the nurse should ask if they are interested in learning how to quit. Nurses should discuss ways to quit smoking such as nicotine replacement therapy and stop smoking classes. It is also important to encourage patients to discuss options with the doctor, healthcare provider, pharmacist, or smoking cessation coordinator. Early ambulation after surgery and use of an incentive spirometer also decrease the risk for pneumonia. Keeping the head of the bed elevated elevated 30 to 45 degrees can also prevent aspiration pneumonia. Nurses should also discuss with the patient the importance of maintaining good standards for personal hygiene and grooming. Prevention of pneumonia focuses on recognizing and modifying risk factors. These include the immunization rate, potentials for cross-transmission of pathogens and and the potential for development of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria from widespread empiric use of antimicrobial therapy. Elders should be vaccinated against influenza by December of each year if they are not allergic to eggs or previous influenza vaccine.
Evaluation
What I learned is that pneumonia is the second most common type of infection patients acquire in the hospital. Due to the physiological effects of aging the elderly population is at an increased risk for developing pneumonia. It is also a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in this population. Developing pneumonia increases hospital stay and costs about $1.3 billion in hospital charges. Due to the fact that the elderly population is increasing is it extremely important for nurses to understand how to promote health and prevent disease in their elderly patients. After completing this teaching plan I feel confident in my ability to promote respiratory health in my patients and prevent them from acquiring pneumonia.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Better Essays

    Human Body: Health & Disease June 6, 2014 Pneumonia Pneumonia is a serious infection or inflammation of your lungs. The air sacs in the lungs fill with pus and other liquid. Oxygen has trouble reaching you blood. If there is too little oxygen in your blood, your body cells can’t work properly. Because of this and spreading infection through the body pneumonia can cause death. Until 1936, pneumonia was the No. 1 cause of death in the United States. Since then, the use of antibiotics brought…

    • 1660 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Nicotine

    • 896 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Nicotine, think again Even though drugs such as caffeine and pharmaceutical drugs are widely used and accepted by society, they can still have an impact on your overall health. Nicotine is a highly addictive chemical excavated from the nicotiana tabacum plant or more commonly known as the tobacco plant. Nicotine is classified as a stimulant drug. The addictive drug is regarded as a potentially lethal poison and the median lethal dosage for an average adult human is between 30-60 mgs of nicotine.…

    • 896 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Pneumonia :

    • 417 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Blood Institute. (n.d.). Pneumonia. Retrieved from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/pnu/pnu_all.html * World Health Organization. (2011). Pneumonia. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs331/en/index.html Pneumonia By: Sami Greif, SN What is Pneumonia * Infection of the lungs * Fluid & pus fills alveoli * Source: more than 100 different germs can cause pneumonia.…

    • 417 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Pneumonia

    • 1684 Words
    • 7 Pages

    The term pneumonia is applied to many pulmonary infections which are most often caused by bacteria. Pneumonia caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common and is referred to as typical pneumonia. Atypical pneumonia is caused by other microorganisms such as fungi, protozoa, and viruses. The difference between them were discovered in 1883 by Friedlander and Talamon. Streptococcus pneumoniae was first discovered by Pasteur who isolated it from saliva in a person who had rabies in 1881. Depending…

    • 1684 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    pneumonia

    • 572 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Conditions causing respiratory failure: Condition that affects the flow of blood into the lungs: Pulmonary embolism- blocks blood flow and causes lung damage Conditions that affect the nerves and muscles that control breathing: Muscular dystrophy ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) & Spinal cord injury Conditions that affect the areas of the brain that control breathing: Stroke & Drug/alcohol overdose Conditions that affect the flow of air in and out of the lungs: COPD (chronic…

    • 572 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Nicotine

    • 1772 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Expensive highs, expensive addictions, smoking is a worthless habit. Nicotine, like so many other harmful substances, is a drug. They have the power to affect how you feel about yourself and those around you. It takes full control of your body, like your brain has been infected by tar. The three main groups of drugs are legal, illegal and medicinal. Legal and illegal, what is the difference in today's world? Smoking causes fatal hazards and I believe as a consequence, should be…

    • 1772 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Pneumonia

    • 1505 Words
    • 7 Pages

    How do people "catch pneumonia"? Some cases of pneumonia are contracted by breathing in small droplets that contain the organisms that can cause pneumonia. These droplets get into the air when a person infected with these germs coughs or sneezes. In other cases, pneumonia is caused when bacteria or viruses that are normally present in the mouth, throat, or nose inadvertently enter the lung. During sleep, it is quite common for people to aspirate secretions from the mouth, throat, or nose. Normally…

    • 1505 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Best Essays

    Chemistry of Nicotine

    • 2715 Words
    • 11 Pages

    CHEMISTRY OF NICOTINE Date Submitted: March 17, 2010 Introduction Tobacco has a long history and has had a significant impact since first introduced to Western society in the 16th century. There is evidence that Native Americans were using tobacco long before the 16th century. They smoked through a pipe for special religious and medical purposes but the worldwide spread of tobacco was initiated as a result of European discovery by Spanish, Portuguese and French explorers.(1,2) Christopher…

    • 2715 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Good Essays

    Pneumonia

    • 1053 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Pneumonia Human Anatomy & Physiology Pneumonia Pneumonia is an inflammation of one or both lungs, which is usually caused by an infection. This inflammation causes the tiny air sacs, called the alveoli, within the lungs to become filled with fluid, making it harder for the lungs to function properly. To fight this infection, the body sends white blood cells to the lungs, but although this helps kill the germs it can also make it harder for the lungs to pass oxygen into the bloodstream…

    • 1053 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Nicotine And Alcohol

    • 1259 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Alcohol and Nicotine Use Tobacco and alcohol use are common addictions amongst Americans. Each of these products are easily accessible at any convenience store and are perceived to be pleasurable activities as a result of their prevalence in American society. Both drugs also have significantly adverse effects on an individual's health and overall well-being. However, tobacco and alcohol consumption are quite different in the nature of the addiction, and the risks each drug pose to one's health. Tobacco…

    • 1259 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays