Plant layout is a plan of the most effective arrangement of the physical facilities and manpower for the manufacture of the product. Plant layout encompasses much more than the mere planning of the arrangement of the production equipment and should include a careful study of the following:
1. External transportation facilities.
2. Receiving operations (unloading, inspection, stores)
3. Production activities.
4. Service & auxiliary operations.
5. Quality control and inspection areas.
6. Packing operations.
7. Storage operations.
8. Shipping operations.
Plant layout covers the planning of space requirements for all activities in an industrial firm – offices, warehouses, rest rooms and all other facilities
Objectives of Plant Layout.
The primary goal of plant layout is to maximize profits by the arrangement of all plant facilities to the best advantages of the Total Manufacturing Equation – men, materials, machines and money. If a finished layout is to fulfill this goal, is should be planned with the following objectives in mind.
1. Facilitate the manufacturing process. 2. Minimize materials handling. 3. Maintain flexibility of arrangements and of operation. 4. Maintain high turnover of work in progress 5. Hold down investment in equipment 6. Make economical use of floor area. 7 Promote effective utilization of manpower. 8 Provide for employee convenience, safety and comfort in doing the work.
All these objectives can be summarized as the planning of the plant for the optimum relationship between output, space and manufacturing cost.
Factors affecting Plant Layout
1. Product. 2. Volume or rate of production. 3. Quality. 4. Equipment. 5. Type of manufacture 6. Building 7. Plant site 8. Personnel 9. Materials handling plan.
Muther has given a key to lay out.
P – look at the products to be manufactured