Planning Essay

Topics: Management, Strategic management, Plan Pages: 6 (2255 words) Published: August 22, 2013
Assessment 3
Critical thinking Essay

Planning Essay

Planning is a critical aspect of an organisation, as it is one of the four functional areas within which one or more people, or a team of people, exercises management to achieve intended outcomes and to reduce unintended outcomes. The concept of failing to plan creates a plan to fail means that you don't bother to plan before you start your work, then you might as well just go ahead and try to fail. This is often the case in an organisation, as planning helps to achieve goals set by the organisation. By understanding why an organisation may need to plan for certain scenarios, how planning can achieve its goals for the business and how the stakeholders involved are effected by planning and the consequences involved, it can be identified that organisation that are failing to plan will consequently plan to fail.

Why do organisations need to plan? Like in sports, proper preparations can prevent poor performance. When you consider all the things that you have to go through to achieve at the best of your abilities, planning out you time and resources is a critical aspect in management (Coulter, DeCenzo, Robbins, & Woods, 2011). The process of planning allows a manager of an organisation to establish a coordinated effort. The main way an organisation can plan for a coordinated method is through the use of a business plan. A business plan is a formal statement of a set of business goals, the reasons why they are believed attainable, and the plan for reaching those goals. It may also contain background information about the organisation or team attempting to reach those goals (Abrams, 2003). These formal strategic plans call for an explicit process for determining the firm's long-range objectives, procedures for generating and evaluating alternative strategies, and a system for monitoring the results of the plan when implemented. During each of these steps involved in formal planning, it is important that a systematic procedure be used to gain commitment of those who will be affected by the plan. Planning also allows the organisation to anticipate change, consider the impact of change and develop appropriate responses, planning reduces uncertainty. (Scott Armstrong, 1982) Similarly to how business planning can plan for an coordinated effort, business plans may also target changes within the organisation. Making changes in your business is a necessary part of continuously improving your people, products, services and performance. There are many reasons for change. The type of change you are experiencing, and your reasons for it, will influence the way you plan your change process. Developing a business case to identify and describe your business changes will help you explain changes to your staff and keep your planning on track. A clear and well-reasoned business case for change can help you steer your way through your change process and will save time and effort once the process is underway (Queensland, 2011). These important planning steps are to be kept in mind when preparing your business case. When planning for change, you must think about your reasons for change. When developing a plan, the best way to analyse these reasons is to write down why you believe your business needs change and what you need to change (Coulter et al 2011). List the problems, risks, weaknesses or inefficiencies that you have identified as being threats to business growth. To insure that these changes are well planned, an organisation must establish change management objectives which should focus on the kind of change environment you want to create for your staff (Adelaide, 2010). Your objectives might define the level of commitment, involvement and motivation you want to secure from your staff. An organisation needs to plan to create an overall strategy and plan for various scenarios. To create a successful business strategy and to plan for several scenarios, you need...

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Cochrane, T., & Kleiner, B. H. (1993). Effective Organisational Goal Setting. Management Research News, 15(9), 13-17.
Coulter, M., DeCenzo, D., Robbins, S., & Woods, M. (2011). Management: The essentials. In S. P. Robbins, Planning (pp. 57-122). Frenches Forest: Pearson.
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