Critique- Structure and Text- A Sample
| |Sentences 1-3 gives the structure | |In "In Defense of Piracy (Well, Some Piracy)", Ruben concludes that it is all right to download popular singles as long|of original writer’s argument | |as one does not download entire albums. He reasons that this is an appropriate way of opposing the hype generated by |Introductory paragraph ends with | |music companies. He also reasons that the legal problems that such practices may arouse can be countered by selling |critique writer’s evaluation of | |such songs online cheaply. However, the major flaw in his argument is that he considers piracy ethical. Even under the |original writer’s argument. | |"certain circumstances" in which he advocates it, piracy, in the most basic sense of the word, is robbery, and should | | |never be considered ethical. | | | |Cite instances of assumptions and | |Ruben claims that piracy is an ethical retaliation against the seemingly unethical marketing practices of music |discuss your view of them/ | |companies, which employ "pernicious hype that uses our own desires against us". By this, he assumes that these |Discussion of weaknesses in | |companies are squarely to blame for consumers' impulse purchases. This is an unfair statement to make, as the |original argument | |purchasing decision ultimately lies with the consumer, and he also does not discuss the consumers' own fallibilities in| | |making impulse decisions. Moreover, his take on "ethical" piracy is erroneous as piracy is illegal, because it | | |infringes on copyright laws, and unethical, because it robs companies of profit and deprives artists of royalties they | | |would have otherwise received if their CDs had been purchased instead of downloaded for free off the web. | | | |Use of evidence from research to | |Piracy may also have far-reaching effects on the economy; Jay Berman, chairman of the International Federation of the |support your argument | |Phonographic Industry (IFPI), mentioned that piracy had "overtaken our legitimate business", causing the decline of |Note how sources are documented and| |several European markets (Warner, 2004). The IFPI also mentioned that in the United States, "35 percent of people who |acknowledged | |download more than 20 songs a month say they buy less music as a result" (Hu, 2002). | | | |Discussion of weaknesses in | |Other reasons that Ruben gives to justify piracy are that CD albums are expensive and substandard, and that CD singles |original argument | |are pricey and hard to find. While it is true that CD prices are definitely many times more than what they cost to | | |produce, this is because music companies spend millions on talent-searching, training, producing songs and promoting | | |awareness, which they then hope to recoup from CD sales. If they were to suffer revenue losses, they might resort to | |...
References: |McGuire, D. (2005, February 28). Downloading: The next generation. |(A-Z), surname followed by first |
|[pic] Retrieved September 14th, 2005, from |letter of given name, followed by |
|Smith, T. (2005, April 14). Apple iTunes sales tally passes 350 million. |acknowledged. |
|Retrieved September 14th, 2005, from http://www.theregister.co.uk/2005/04/14/appple_itunes_downloads/
|Retrieved September 12th, 2005, from | |
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