Philosophy Assignment 1 – Pioneers of Adult Educational Philosophy Sameer Ahmed
Presented to: Dr. Terre Eversden
In partial fulfillment of requirements of
WED 486 – Adult Learning
Southern Illinois University Carbondale
A heartfelt thanks to Dr. Terre Eversden to have given me an opportunity to present a paper on the Pioneers of Educational Philosophy and their involvement in Adult Learning or Andragogy. The paper captures the relation of practices of pioneers with liberal, behaviorist, progressive, humanistic and radical educational philosophy. The presentation of paper was a great learning activity which helped me to relate these philosophies to the adult learners that I’ve handled during the course of my work experience. Abstract
Philosophy of education is a field that examines the aims, forms, methods and results of education as both process and a field of study. They relate to philosophical treatments of education. A philosophy of education as a normative theory propounds views about: What education should be, what dispositions it should cultivate, why it ought to cultivate them, how and in whom it should do so, what forms it should take. These questions forms various perspectives of philosophies such as; Liberal, Behaviorist, Progressive, Humanistic and Radical. There are many scholars who have contributed to these perspectives of philosophies. Their practices forms the base to these perspectives. In this paper, I’ll discuss any one of the scholars in each perspective.
In the first section, I shall discuss of Socrates and his contribution to the Liberal Educational Philosophy. In the second section, I shall discuss of Edward Thorndike and his contribution to of Behaviorist Educational Philosophy. In the third section, I shall discuss of Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi and his contribution to the Progressive Educational Philosophy. In the fourth section, I shall discuss of Abraham Maslow and his contribution to the Humanistic Educational Philosophy. Finally in the fifth section, I shall discuss of McKenzie Wark and his contribution to the Radical Humanistic Philosophy. Keywords: liberal, behaviorist, progressive, humanistic, radical, educational, philosophy
Liberal Educational Philosophy
This is a philosophy of education that empowers individuals with core knowledge and transferable skills, and a strong sense of ethics, values, and civic engagement. The purpose of this philosophy to Adult Education is to develop intellectual powers of mind; to enhance the broadest sense of learning; to provide a general, “well – rounded” education. The adult learners in this type of education always seek knowledge and is expected to gain a conceptual theoretical understanding. The role of a teacher is that of an “expert” with authoritative nature, transmitter of knowledge, the one who teaches students to think and clearly directs learning process. The concept of this type of education is more of learning for its own sake, general or comprehensive education which involves critical thinking, traditional knowledge and academic excellence. The methods used in this Adult Education are lecture, reading, critical analysis, question and answer, teacher-led discussions, individual study and standardized testing. One of the famous contributor to this type of philosophy is Socrates.
Socrates (469 BC – 399 BC).
He was a classical Greek Athenian Philosopher. Many of his beliefs, his contribution along with his students and contemporaries like Plato, Aristotlem, Xenophone and Aristophanes has been a great contribution to the field of education, especially Adult Education. The most important contribution to the philosophy is his dialectic method of inquiry also known as Scoratic method or method of “elenchus”. A method used to solve problems by breaking them into a series of questions and then answer them to gradually distill the answer a person would seek. This is one of the enduring...
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