PICO Question

Topics: Allergy, Infant, Breastfeeding Pages: 3 (274 words) Published: September 24, 2014

PICO Question
Christina R. Roybal
Maryville University

PICO Question
Are children who have been breastfed as infants, compared to those who have not, at a lower risk for food hypersensitivity?

PICO Identifiers
Population – children
Intervention – breastfeeding
Comparison – no breastfeeding
Outcome – lower risk of food hypersensitivity

Link To Nursing
There is a growing concern among the population about food hypersensitivity as a primary health risk.  Breast fed infants may potentially be exposed to a more diverse diet via variable components of milk transmitted from the mother, compared to the relatively static composition of commercial infant formulas. To determine whether or not breastfeeding might potentially decrease risk of food hypersensitivity is important to the field of nursing because nurses are in a primary position to educate their patients and the public about disease prevention and wellness practices to optimize health. The healthcare community has diagnosed an increase in food hypersensitivity over the past few decades and it is our duty and opportunity as nurses to work with a multidisciplinary team to develop and promote front-line evidence-based interventions. If breastfed infants demonstrate a decrease in the incidence of food hypersensitivity later in life, then subsequent efforts to educate the public could have an enormous positive impact on promoting long-term wellness for future generations.  Primary Resource

Venter, C., Pereira, B., Voigt, K., Grundy, J., Clayton, C., Higgins, B., & ... Dean, T. (2009). Factors associated with maternal dietary intake, feeding and weaning practices, and the development of food hypersensitivity in the infant. Pediatric Allergy And Immunology: Official Publication Of The European Society Of Pediatric Allergy And Immunology, 20(4), 320-327. doi:10.1111/j.1399-3038.2008.00832.x
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