Physiological Disorders

Topics: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Obesity Pages: 9 (2662 words) Published: April 23, 2013
Physiological disorders:

In this assignment I am going to describe two physiological disorder in details, the details that I am going to go into is what the disorder is, signs and symptoms, cause of the disorder, physiological changes as a result of treatment and the factors influencing the development of the disorder, explain the signs and symptoms related to two named physiological disorders, describe the investigations that care carried out to enable the diagnosis of these physiological disorders and assess possible difficulties involved in the diagnosis of the disorders from their signs and symptoms.


The two physiological disorders that I am going to talk about are Diabetes and Asthma.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is when your body does not make enough insulin or cannot use its own insulin as well as it should. Insulin is a hormone and also a protein, which is made by the cells within the pancreas. This causes the sugar to build up in your blood. Most of the food that we eat is turned into glucose, which is a sugar that gives us physical energy. The pancreas an organ near the stomach makes the insulin which then helps the glucose to get to our bodies, when that process is not happening that’s when diabetes occurs. Diabetes can be able to cause severe health problems and this can be to the heart, causing kidney failure, causing blindness, and lower-extremity amputations. Diabetes is a very common disorder and most elderly people seem to get it and they body slowly stops working.

The signs and symptoms of diabetes

There are two types of diabetes; there is type 1 and type 2. Type 1 is a condition which is called Ketoacidosis, which happens when a cid compounds from the blood. Type 2 appears mainly in people over the age of 40, signs and symptoms develop more slowly as most of the time it is not recognised because of the illness they might have. Most people with type 2 diabetes do not receive any symptoms in their blood if the glucose level is not too high.

Type 1:
* Blurred vision
* Dry mouth
* Outstanding thirst
* Loss of weight
* Weakness or exhaustion
* Regular urination

Type 2:
* Leg pain
* Dry mouth
* Unnecessary thirst
* Always needing to go to the toilet
* Skin which itches or has yeast infection
* Blurred vision
* Certain medicine
* Pregnancy
* Age
* Illness or damage to the pancreas
* Cut or sores which take longer to heal

The causes of diabetes

Diabetes is caused when the pancreas does not make enough or any of the hormones (insulin) needed or when the insulin does not work as well as. This causes the level of glucose in the blood to too high.

In type 1 the cells in the pancreas that make the insulin are damaged, causing a cruel require of insulin left. This is known when the body attacks and damages its own cells in the pancreas. No one knows why this happens, but something must trigger it off and this could contain, infections with definite virus or bacteria, experience of food or chemical toxins and introduced as a young child to cow’s milk. In type 2 the receptors on cells in the body that normally respond to the act of insulin stop motivating. This is known as insulin resistance. When this happens more insulin might be produced and this over produces at that stage which then stops the cells in the pancreas. This is when is stops working properly.

What happens while and after treatments

Type 1:
Type 1 diabetes treatment is an everyday task. This is because the lack of insulin production by the pancreas is difficult to control. Treatments include being carefully calculated diets, planned physical activities, daily insulin injections and home blood glucose testing a certain number of times a day.

Type 2:
Type 2 diabetes treatments include exercise, diet control, home blood glucose testing and in some cases oral medication. Only about 40% of people who are diagnosed...
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