Physiological Demands

Topics: Anaerobic exercise, Blood sugar, Physiology Pages: 12 (2045 words) Published: August 1, 2013
 
  
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Physiological demands during simulated judo contents

 

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Contents
1. Title……………...........................................................................................1 2. Contents………...........................................................................................2 3. Abstract……………. ...................................................................................3 4. Introduction.................................................................................................4 5. Method……………......................................................................................5 6. Results……………………………….............................................................6 7. Discussion… ..............................................................................................9 8. Conclusion.................................................................................................10 9. References.................................................................................................11 10.Appendix...................................................................................................12

 

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  Abstract A Judo contest occurs between two participants and Players taking part in a judo contest are required to have high levels of physical and mental preparation. This Study looks at a contests effect on a players physiological state including raise in heart rate, blood lactate level & blood glucose. As well as the effect on a players strength and explosive power before during and after a contest. Keywords: Judo contest; Physiological response; Lactate; Heart rate & Grip Strength

 

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  Introduction Judo is an Olympic combat sport derived from ju-jitsu by Jigaro Kano in 1882. A Judo contest occurs between two participants and Sikorsk (2010) defines the contest as occurring “in standing position, or ground situations depending on individual strategy and natural development of the match.” Players taking part in a judo contest are required to have high levels of physical and mental preparation, technique and tactics (Little,1991). The nature of a judo contest is intermittent with bursts of high anaerobic energy usage followed by periods of low energy usage where aerobic recovery occurs Sikorsk (2010). The physical demands of a judo contest include increased load on both the aerobic and anaerobic energy systems (Franchini et al., 2007). This means that participants need to have both good anaerobic fitness during the active phases of a contest and good aerobic fitness during low activity phases and recovery. Therefore from a physiological viewpoint; anaerobic power and capacity, strength, and aerobic power are considered the main characteristics to be developed by judo players (Thomas et al., 1989). The purpose of this study was to look at a judo players physiological reactions to being in a judo contest, and what changes occurred as they put their body’s under repeated physical load.

 

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  Method Sample The sample used for this research was seven judo players (mean = 21.9 years, SD = 7.6) who where recruited from local clubs in Cambridge. Body weights where between 49 and 79kg (mean) = 61.8, SD = 11.9), and heights between 1.60 and 1.82 m (mean = 1.69, SD = 0.09). Two of the players where female and players had grades ranged from blue belt to third Dan black belt. . All of the subjects gave written consent and in the case of under 18 judoka written consent was obtained from someone with parental responsibility for the player. Procedure Participants took part...
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