Physics Lab Experiment: Acceleration

Pages: 3 (592 words) Published: June 18, 2013
Ocean County College

EXPERIMENT:   Acceleration

Name of professor - Prof. Raja Almukahhal, PhD                                                                                    

Data collection-
 
 
 
   DATA TABLE 1:             Height of ramp: .79m;    Angle of incline = 30 o  
TRIAL No.| Distance (x) –  m| Time (t) - seconds| Velocity (v) – m/s| Acceleration (a) – m/s2| 1| .50| 0.74| 1.35| 1.83|
2| .50| 0.68| 1.47| 2.16|
3| .50| 0.63| 1.59| 2.52|
4| .50| 0.73| 1.37| 1.88|
5| .50| 0.76| 1.32| 1.73|
 |  | Avg=0.708| Avg=1.42| Avg=2.02|
6| 1| 1.22| 1.64| 1.34|
7| 1| 0.93| 2.15| 2.31|
8| 1| 1.12| 1.79| 1.59|
9| 1| 0.96| 2.08| 2.17|
10| 1| 1.13| 1.77| 1.57|
 |  | Avg=1.072| Avg=1.89| Avg=1.80|
11| 1.5| 1.46| 2.05| 1.41|
12| 1.5| 1.3| 2.31| 1.78|
13| 1.5| 1.42| 2.11| 1.49|
14| 1.5| 1.43| 2.10| 1.47|
15| 1.5| 1.27| 2.36| 1.86|
 |  | Avg=1.376| Avg=2.19| Avg=1.60|
 
Calculations: Notice that your data consists of times (t) and distances (x). In order to calculate acceleration you must use the four equations of motion. First work with Equation 2:                         Equation 2:      x = (v/2)t          

                                    Rewriting to isolate v, the equation becomes:            
                        Equation 2:      v= (2x)/t  
You already know the distance, x and the time, t. Now you can solve for velocity, v, by using Equation 2 in this form. Fill in v for each trial on your data sheet. Use Equation 1 to find acceleration, but first it must be rewritten to isolate the variable (a).  

Equation 1:      v=at        divide both sides of the equation by (t):                  a= v/t  
 
With Equation 1 rewritten in this way it is easy to solve for acceleration, a using time, t from your data sheet and velocity, v that you already calculated....
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