# Physics Behind Ferris Wheel (Intro only)

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Uniform Circular Motion

Uniform Circulated Motion is defined as a movement of an object along the circumference of a circle or rotation along a circular path. It can be uniform, with constant angular rate of rotation (and constant speed), or non-uniform with a changing rate of rotation. The rotation around a fixed axis of a three-dimensional body involves circular motion of its parts. The equations of motion describe the movement of the center of mass of a body.

Physics, particularly Uniform Accelerated Motion can be seen in many rides in an amusement park. Some examples are Roller Coaster, Merry-Go-Round, and Viking; and for Uniform Circulated Motion good examples are Round-Up and Ferris wheel. All amusement rides that involve circular motion for the participants generate a range of physiological effect because of the effects of force of gravity and reaction forces on you the passenger and of centripetal acceleration.

Ferris wheel is under the type Vertical Circular Motion which has the formula:
(for Non-Uniform Circular Motion) N=mg{V^2/rg+cosθ }

(for Uniform Circular Motion on top) N_top=mg{V^2/rg-1}

(for Uniform Circular Motion at the bottom)
N_bot=mg{V^2/rg+1}

The Ferris wheel which is also known as an observation wheel or big wheel is a non-building structure consisting of a rotating upright wheel with passenger cars (sometimes referred to as gondolas or capsules) attached to the rim in such a way that as the wheel turns, the cars are kept upright, usually by gravity.

The Ferris wheel was developed to be an alternative to the carousel or ‘merry go round’ by a bridge maker George Ferris in 1893 in Chicago. One of his aims was to make a structure that would rival the Eiffel Tower in Paris in notoriety. It cost US\$380,000.00 to make and stood 79.2 metres high with the diameter of the wheel being 75 metres. Since then many have been built and they are a very popular ride at most amusement parks worldwide.

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