PHYSICIAN’S CODE OF ETHICS AND HEALTH EDUCATOR’S CODE OF ETHICS Physician’s Code of Ethics and Health Educator’s Code of Ethics are both governed by the basic principles of ethics are beneficence, non-malfeasance, justice, and autonomy or individual freedom. Beneficence refers to doing good and producing good especially performing acts of kindness and charity. All health related professions are expected to promote beneficence as a core value in the performance of their duties and responsibilities. According to Littleton, Meemon, Breen, Seblega, Paek, Loyal, Elis, & Wan, co-authors of “An Ethical Analysis of Professional Codes in Health and Medical Care”, beneficence is strongly tied with the Utilitarian Theory which advocates the largest balance of pleasure over pain and the attainment of the highest good to the largest number of people. Non-malfeasance on the other hand, is a direct contrary of beneficence. It is a value which promotes as its highest good “not to do harm.” In the context of medical health care and health care education, non-malfeasance encourages doctors and educators to do more good than harm to its patients and students. Next is justice, which focuses on how fairly or unfairly actions distribute benefits to members of a group. This value promotes equality as opposed to bias. Finally, autonomy, which is defined in general as the “personal rule of the self that is free from both controlling interferences by others and from personal limitations that prevent meaningful choice.” Autonomous individuals act intentionally, with understanding, and without controlling influences (Anonymous, 2008). In the context of health education, autonomy is respected both by the teachers and the students, this is also the case in medical health settings wherein the doctor’s and patient’s autonomy are both recognized. Both the Codes of Ethics of health educators and physicians require the promotion and respect for their profession and professionalism....
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