Physical Education for Students with Special Needs

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Lesson Plan
Adapted Equipment The piece of adapted equipment I helped build is multi-purposeful. Although it can be used in a game of adapted basketball as a ball ramp which can guide a ball into a hoop, for my project I am focusing on its use as an adapted bowling piece of equipment. As an adapted game of bowling this piece of equipment can quickly be transformed into a ball ramp with attached bumpers to guide the ball to the pins. The ball has also been adapted. Instead of using a heavy bowling ball, I have chosen a bright red, large bouncy ball. This type of ball is safer, easier to handle, and its bright red color will make it easy for student with visual impairments to track the ball. Regular bowling pins have been replaced by several empty two-liter soda bottles with bells inside of them. They are also brightly colored to help those with visual impairments locate them more easily. The fact that they are empty is key since the adapted bowling ball is light weight so therefore would not be as effective in knocking down a heavy pin as it would a light pin. The point of the bells inside the soda bottles is so that a student who has visual impairments knocks it down they will be able to hear the bells jingle.
This adapted game of bowling was designed particularly for special needs children, 5 years and older, who are ambulatory. However, it is possible for a child in a wheelchair to also use this equipment if they have the ability to kick or extend their arm downward far enough to reach the ball. The ramp, which is made entirely out of PVC pipes, is meant to sit on the floor with the bowling pins set up at the end of the ramps track along the floor. Then, depending on the skills the child playing the game has, he or she can either push the ball down the ramp or lightly kick it down.
The motor areas for which the equipment can be used include gross motor skills such as pushing or kicking using the arms or legs as well as hand-eye coordination. Additionally,

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