Physical Education

Topics: Obesity, Exercise, Primary education Pages: 8 (2925 words) Published: October 14, 2008
To provide a balanced stimulating Physical Education curriculum which will appeal to the interests and abilities of all students To help the physical development of students in the important period leading up to and including puberty and through maturation to adulthood. To promote the development of skill and coordination through a structured Physical Education programme. To increase aesthetic awareness and appreciation.

To enable every student to experience achievement and satisfaction through the medium of sport. To encourage development both as an individual and as a member of society in interpersonal skills, coping mechanisms, and personal conduct and hygiene. To contribute to the pupils intellectual development through the understanding of physical activities. To enable every student to become water-efficient.

To instill a sense of ‘school-spirit’ and social responsibility.

Physical education and school sports.
Physical education and school sport is a crucial part of a well-rounded primary school education. The main goal of physical education for young children is to give them the skills and knowledge necessary to keep their bodies healthy as they age. Movement is an essential part of how children learn. In order to keep children engaged and motivated, the physical education activities must be fun and highly interactive. However, creating an enriching environment can be challenging for schools and teachers. The National Curriculum tries to address physical education by providing the agenda used by all schools to ensure that teaching and learning consistent. The recommendations in the National Curriculum in reference to physical education are quite flexible. There are two Key Stages (1 and 2) that list the milestones each child should reach. Although much is open to interpretation for most of physical education, the rules are quite strict for swimming. Swimming remains a statutory requirement with measurable expectations, such as being able to float and develop effective swimming strokes. In Key Stage 1, children rely mostly on their own creativity and enjoyment of play to reach a base level of education. They begin to become cognizant of the changes that occur when they exercise. In this stage, the goal is to help children develop a positive attitude toward physical activity. Other goals include being able to perform simple repetitive, or rhythmic patterns in response to outside stimuli, such as music. They should also reach a level of coordination that allows them to jump, turn, make gestures, or simply sit quietly. All games and gymnastic activities should support this goal. For instance, children should learn to play simple games that involve traveling with a ball. Teachers are encouraged to help them achieve the ability to roll, balance, swing, and climb on floor and gymnastic apparatus. During Key Stage 2, the skills mastered in Key Stage 1 are expanded upon and strengthened. Both physical and mental capacities are broadened during this stage. Their physical abilities should now allow them to send and receive a ball with more accuracy, perform various dances, and take part in more tumbling activities. Their emotional and mental growth should now allow them to play as part of a team, understand the ideas of offense and defense, plan their own activities and measure their accomplishments. As children grow, their knowledge of safe sporting practices and procedures should also grow. (Hopper et. al, 3-6) As demonstrated in the Key Stages, physical education is a serous form of learning, unlike other type of movement, such as free play. Although it can, and should be fun, its goal is to help children learn about their bodies while fostering good health, self confidence, and social and cognitive development. One of the primary benefits of physical education and sport in the primary schools is that they can help set up a lifelong habit of regular exercise. It is a well established fact...
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