Phsycology 101

Topics: Statistics, Psychology, Statistical hypothesis testing Pages: 3 (295 words) Published: August 22, 2013
LECTURE OUTLINE
HISTORY & INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY
I.BP = BEFORE "PSYCHOLOGY"

A.SIGNIFICANT QUESTIONS ABOUT MANKIND

B.RELATIVELY EARLY ANSWERS

II.THE "NEW" DISCIPLINE: 130+ YEARS OF PARADIGM SHIFTS
A.STRUCTURALISM: WUNDT (1879) & HALL (1883)
B.FUNCTIONALISM: JAMES (1890)
C.THE PSYCHOANALYTIC VIEW: unconscious processes, basic drives
FREUD (1914) & ERIKSON (1950)
D.THE BEHAVIORIST VIEW: past learning, rewards &
punishments
PAVLOV (1905), WATSON (1913) & SKINNER (1938)
E.THE COGNITIVE VIEW: thought processes, mental
viewpoint
PIAGET (1930), MILLER (1960), BANDURA (1982)
F.HUMANIST / PHENOMENOLOGICAL VIEW: subjective
experience, personal viewpoint
ROGERS (1951) & MASLOW (1954)

G.THE BIOLOGICAL VIEW: genetics & body chemistry
MÜLLER (1840), WEBER (1850),von HELMHOLTZ (1860), HEBB (1949), OLDS (1954), ETHOLOGICAL THEORIES

III.CURRENT MAJOR PERSPECTIVES IN PSYCHOLOGY
A.PSYCHOANALYTIC – unconscious processes, basic drives
B.BEHAVIORAL – past learning, rewards & punishments
C.COGNITIVE – thought processes, mental viewpoint
D.PHENOMENOLOGICAL – subjective experience
E.BIOLOGICAL – genetics & body chemistry
IV.RESEARCH IN PSYCHOLOGY
A.WHAT IS A THEORY?
B.RESEARCH STRATEGIES
1.OBSERVATIONAL [only describes]
2.CORRELATIONAL [only measures]
3.EXPERIMENTAL [manipulates + measures]
a.POPULATION & REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLE
b.CONDITIONS
1.)EXPERIMENTAL
2.)CONTROL
c.VARIABLES
1.)INDEPENDENT
2.)DEPENDENT
4.RESEARCH DESIGNS
a.CROSS SECTIONAL
b.LONGITUDINAL
V.CONTAMINATION OF RESEARCH DATA & RESULTS
A.CONFOUNDING VARIABLES INFLUENCE THE DATA
1.UNREPRESENTATIVE SAMPLE OF THE CHOSEN
POPULATION
2.WORDING OF SURVEY QUESTIONS
3.GUESSING THE EXPERIMENT’S PURPOSE
4.UNCONTROLLED VARIABLES
B.IMPROPER INTERPRETATION OF DATA
1.NOT RECOGNIZING UNCONTROLLED VARIABLES
2....
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