October 27, 2013
When you think of photography you may think of photos, but when I think of photography’s I think what kind of photography. There are many different kinds and it can be used for many different reasons such as advertisement, keeping memories, scientific research and of course for some of the darker sides of photography. In this paper it will be discussing about the origin of photography. Then, it will explain how altering an image can change a person’s memories. Finally it will inform the reader on how photography is an essential part of society today. The overall history of the camera is important, along with the people who made it all possible; photography is also incredibly relevant in the world surrounding us today. Many years before the camera was created, there was such existence as photo copying, which was almost 2,000 years before the camera obscura was even created. The Greek philosopher Aristotle “…discovered that by passing sunlight through a pinhole, he could create a reversed image of the Sun on the ground…(Watson),” he used a device that allowed him to see solar as well as lunar eclipses without looking directly into the blinding light; this dated back to as early as 300 B.C. E. The same idea of using an enclosed box as a “dark room” was later used for the “modern” day camera which was invented in the early 1800’s. When the camera began to make its publicity, the impact of seeing an image projected on a wall did not harmonize well with Catholic Church. The Catholic Church was outraged when they saw actual photos projected on a wall, and thought the camera was actually an act of witchcraft. Any work involving the camera or projection of images during this time was banned for six years after. Before long, an English man named William Henry Fox Talbot “…developed a negative-positive process, which he called the calotype. Using this process, multiple positive prints could be made from a paper negative. Talbot's invention of paper photography remained experimental into the 1840s, in part because Talbot obtained patents and then defended them vigorously (Boom).” Once people were able to see actual photographs on paper, they began to compose infinite possibilities. Photography began to become more and more popular especially with newspaper companies. Now that photographs were capable of being printed on paper, newspaper companies could now create a greater detailed story beside a physical image for the article. Toward the end of the 1800’s and into the early and mid 1900’s, photography began to conform into a hobby and wasn’t just used for documentary purposes. Over 30 years of research on memory distortion demonstrate that remembering is not just a matter of retrieving the correct piece of information from a database, but rather involves a reconstructive process, through which the original memory can be continuously modified Post-event misinformation can lead people to recall events differently from the way they actually occurred, or even to remember wholly false events that never occurred. False memory research involving doctored photographs has focused on childhood events. However, in everyday life it is much easier for people to encounter fake pictures of public events than to come across ‘doctored photographs that depict them doing things they have never really done. In fact, over the past few years manipulated images inaccurately portraying public events have become alarmingly common in the media. In 2003, the Los Angeles Times published on its front page a dramatic photograph from the Iraqi front, taken by long time photojournalist Brian Walski. The image depicted a British soldier directing Iraqi civilians to take cover from Iraqi fire on the outskirts of Basra. One sharp viewer noticed that some of the people in the background seemed to appear twice, and decided to contact the paper’s editors. Walski was reached by telephone in Iraq and admitted...
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