Photo Manipulation

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Image manipulation is everywhere on are daily life. It is a type of digital art. It is a unique way to describe editing photos and adding filters and special effects to photographs in order to make an illusion or define through digital means. Photo manipulation has been commonly used to deceive or convince viewers. It can be simply a photo which colors have been converted, or a photo that has been painted over, usually they use photoshop, but there are other softwares what can we use for manipulating images, image manipulation is an art as well.
Photo manipulation is done for a number of purposes. More infamously, it is for political or sensational purposes.However, photo manipulation is also an art form in its own right (www.brightclub.com).

The photographs have been manipulated in darkrooms for decade. Before computers, photo manipulation was achieved by retouching with ink, paint, double exposure, piecing photos or negatives together in the darkroom, or scratching Polaroids. Airbrushes were also used, whence the term “airbrushing” for manipulation.The first recorded case of photo manipulation was in the early 1860s, when a photo of Abraham was altered using the body from a portrait of John C. Calhoun.The 1980s saw the advent of digital retouching with Quantel computers running Paintbox, and Scitex imaging workstations being used professionally Silicon Graphics computers running Barco Creator became available in the late 1980s which, alongside other contemporary packages, were effectively replaced in the market by Adobe Photoshop (wikipedia).

Here are few recent approaches of computer technology on image manipulation are the ethics of using image manipulation on the covers of magazines, using image manipulation in photojournalism, techniques used for image manipulation.

Ethics are the rules that we invent and explain what we think is good or wrong. The dictionary says ethics are "a set of moral principles or values" and that ethical means

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