Phonics Difficulties

Topics: Vowel, Phonics, Reading Pages: 10 (3475 words) Published: April 25, 2012
This report will cover new diagnosing and assessing procedures are being used for phonics difficulties. The studies of recent diagnostic procedures for phonics difficulties are important to me, as a teacher because I can learn new ways of diagnosing my students with difficulties they may have in phonics as soon as those difficulties show themselves. Diagnostic testing for phonics is used to identify skill deficits and that need a plan of assistance. As a teacher, I can the most recent combination of formal and informal assessments, as well as observation, to get performance information that focuses instruction. It is from that point of assessment and observation I can create a plan for my students to succeed. Diagnostic procedures are used to evaluate the students phonemic awareness, which is the students understanding of sounds, phonics skills, sound-symbol correspondence, as well as syllabication and awareness of morphemes also, the brake of larger words into smaller parts. The information discovered by the diagnostic assessment and observation will help the student improve decoding skills needed at their grade level. The teacher must make time for testing periodically to determine each student’s progress and if changes need to be made to the outline plan. The lack of phonics can affect other areas of reading, such as sight words, word recognition, comprehension, oral reading, vocabulary, and the students over all reading rate. Phonics also plays a major role in spelling. The teacher should keep record of the student’s original phonics scores so that as the school year goes bye and periodical testing takes place the teacher, student and parents can see the students improved or lack thereof. A diagnostic interview is another new and upcoming method, which is a mean of getting information about an individual student’s knowledge and mental strategies about the concept under investigation. Students are asked to verbalize what they are thinking about when cards or objects or words are placed in front of them. Phonics is a method of teaching reading in which people learn to associate letters with the speech sounds they represent, rather than learning to recognize the whole word as a unit. If phonemic awareness is strong the students will gain the ability to rhyme, list words that begin and end with the same sound, break words into individual phonemes, and blend phonemes together to make a familiar word. Phonemic awareness is essential to help students learn how to read, and if these skills are not learned and mastered, then intervention is required to help students gain the needed phonics skills. Phonics is an approach to reading involving letter-sound relationships and letter recognition. Readers who have difficulties reading can improve reading skills by having an intervention plan mostly based on phonics. DIBELS here in Alabama is an assessment used to diagnosing phonics difficulties as well as a number of other things. DIBELS stands for The Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills it is a set of procedures and measures for assessing the achievement of early literacy skills from kindergarten through sixth grade. DIBELS is a short fluency measured used to commonly watch the progress of early literacy and early reading skills in students. DIBELS tested are made of seven measures that are indicators of phonemic awareness, alphabetic principle, accuracy and fluency with connected text, reading comprehension, and vocabulary. DIBELS was made for teachers to identifying students experience difficulty in basic early literacy skills in order to provide early intervention and prevent the amount of later reading problems down the line. A reading deficiency can be for a number of different causes from deficient environment, to mental retardation, dyslexia, a learning disability, and a host of others reasons. Students who score in the 20th percentile or lower are identified as poor readers. At the 20% level should be...
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