Pholosophy

Topics: Postmodernism, Utilitarianism, Human Pages: 9 (2939 words) Published: June 20, 2013
ALIPIO, Gabrielle March 12, 12
INTFILO C32

Why or when is something good?

My view on what is considered “good” is a hybrid of different ethical schools of thought. I merged concepts from Relativism, Teleological Ethics/ Consequentialism, Act Utilitarianism and Situationism. I made my own sort of “Frankenstein” standard of morality and goodness, borrowing whichever portion seemed fit to my taste.

The concept I took from Relativism is that moral judgments are never objective. I believe that moral decisions are highly influenced my society and norms. Though, this concept believes that there are no universal truths, I cannot deny that there are universal truths, as we can see this in our day-to-day life. Getting pregnant out of wedlock has far much harsher consequences in a Muslim country than a liberated country like England who even has provisions for single mothers. We can see that the moral judgment on what is “good” or what is condemned differs from every society. I do agree however that there are some basic human laws that generally govern what is considered good. The law in every country is in its most basic form, same in a way. Murder is not allowed in every country, so is stealing or some other act of this sort. Though, is accidental murder due to self-defense from a physically abusive husband of an eight-month pregnant wife considered as bane? Or is it boon due to the given situation?

The concept I took from Teleological Ethics/ Consequentialism is “the end justify the means.” Teleological Ethics is based on the intention and result of the act. Merged with the ideal of Act Utilitarianism of “the good for the greatest number of people.” Sacrifice one to save the many, is the main thought of this ethical school. These two ethical schools combined means that for me, goodness is not only based on the results. The “goodness” of a result may be good for my own personal interest and can therefore, be considered “good” based on Consequentialism, but if it is only good for me and is bad for a great number of people, then generally, the bad outweighs the good and it is at this point therefore, that I include the idea of Act Utilitarianism.

Situationism is the idea that what is considered “good” is relative to different circumstances of how or what decision was made. This moral conviction to determine what is good can be evidently seen in our justice system. There are many different factors that influence the decision of a jury, with this in consideration; we can see how the judge lowers the sentence based on the situation of how the crime or offensive act was committed.

As you can see, I did not find one ethical school of morality that was suited to my taste as I see the flaw in each. I did not want to stand with a theory that even I can see is unsound. I therefore took what I saw was sound in each, fused the bits and pieces together and combined my own criterions of what I believe is good. I sum this up as something is considered good based on the society where the act is done, why the act was done, the results of the act, if the results of the act is good for the greatest number of people and the circumstance of when the act was done.

Aren’t Feminists Marginalizing themselves?

I don’t think that feminists are marginalizing themselves at all. I believe feminists are bringing light to the issues that they see existing in our day-to-day lives. Feminism is seen as a radical movement to liberate women that started in the 70’s and ended there, but the truth is, feminist movements continue on till today. In the 70’s feminists started to fight for what equal rights as men. This encompasses the right to vote, equal opportunities for jobs etc.

People today see feminism as something negative, a movement that should have been finished when women were given the permission to participate in society as fully as men. This however, is not accurate. There are fundamental principles in...
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