Subject Code: EPE 611
Subject Title: Philosophical Ideas In Education
Statement 1: Education is the manifestation of the perfection already in man
It means man is not a biological animal but a pure social being living in a society as a responsible human being ,the ultimate goal of human. So education is something which is there within us it’s just how much we strive for it and how much we desire to learn something. Always we need to listen to what our inner soul says because our inner selves will never do injustice to you.
Education shapes and moulds the overall behaviour of human being and nurture the potentialities of one. It is estimated as the right road to progress and prosperity which enables one to stand on one’s own legs. It
provides assimilation of ideas so as to develop an integrated being – one who has learned how to improve his intellect, purify his heart, handle his emotions and stand firm on moral virtues.
The process of education is actually a process of purification. A process by which we realize the perfectionism within which brings out the strength within and makes one courageous and help us stand on our own legs in this society. Here lies the critical role of an educator, be it a parent at home or a teacher at school.
Unfortunately in recent time’s education is nothing more than a degree and marks. Marks have spoiled the true performance of the generation. which is why the Malaysia Government decided to have school-based assessment in the attempt to replace the current public examinations as teaching a language subject such as English, provides students a stable and continuous pressure-free assessment, reducing the reliance on standardized examination, improving test item reliability, reflecting students’ ability, promoting leisure reading, fostering teaching, enforcing independent learning, facilitating learning autonomy and empowering teachers in the evaluation process.
Statement 2: The perfect human being is one who has acquired both theoretical virtues and practical virtues
al-Farabi means that the perfect human is the one who has obtained theoretical virtue thus completing his intellectual knowledge and has already acquired practical moral virtues thus becoming perfect in his moral behavior. Using these theoretical and moral virtues with effective power, they are anchored in the souls of individual members of the community when they assume the responsibility of political leadership, thus becoming role models for other people. Theoretical and practical perfection can only be obtained within society, for it is society that nurtures the individual and prepares his mindsets.
So in this perfection this philosopher expects from education, are combination of knowledge and virtuous behavior; happiness and goodness at one and the same time. In order to make sure that the individual is well-prepared from an early age to become a member of society, to achieve his own level of perfection, and thus to reach the goal for which he was created.
However, things in Malaysia does not goes with al-Farabi's way. The current curriculum in Malaysia does not provide the children the mastery of facts, principles and concepts of a discipline, emphasize the development of critical and creative thinking as well as providing the context for developing the character of the students. While according to Al-Farabi, the whole activity of education is the acquisition of values, knowledge and practical skills leading to perfection and the attainment of happiness.
The social contract has become a major issue of content, contest as well as discontentment among politicians and leaders of Malaysia. Politicians are changing the education curriculum in our schools is, in fact, a social contract between the population and the government on how our future generation is educated.
The teaching language of Mathematics and Science is not very important...
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