philosophy of corrections

Topics: Prison, Penology, Criminal justice Pages: 9 (3073 words) Published: December 11, 2013
Corrections are simply to correct the life of the defendant. Such as they chose a bad choice in the life, if the court decides they're guilty of it they place them in a correction facility Jail/Prison thinking it will help change their life around to a more moderate, average person not being a danger to anyone or anything. Crime and penalty had gone side-by-side beforehand America was even born and the dominions were even established. One thing recognized is that even though regulations were not well instituted or documented in pen there were laws, regulations, public regulation and punishments gave down by the residents of the area for committing deeds that went opposing the beliefs of the colonist. Punishments should vary reliant on state, state, metropolis, or dominion reliant on the community’s beliefs, faith, and state of basis generally of European descent. Punishments might scope from whippings to be locale to demise by hanging. Supplementary areas favored the stocks patio above bloodshed and leaned extra in the direction of area humiliation in were the individual who committed the offense was tarred and feathered. From here the convicted should be made to be the giggling stock of the area to discern the individual who disregarded the town’s beliefs. Even though lashing and hanging sounded harsh, they were meant to control the individual and deed as a restraint to others who endangered to pursue in the convicted footsteps. Supplementary punishments might contain banishments from the town or span, the guillotine for committing slaughter or treason, bastinado beating the souls of the feet normally those of Asian descent, birching is beating an individual in the back alongside birch twigs. In nearly all dominions branding of the person or the people face, destroying the wheel whereas the person arms and legs should be tied on the wheel and the executioner should break his or her legs and arms, cangue, crank and countless extra punishments should pursue and be utilized to control those who disregarded the town or areas beliefs or public law.

The target of sentencing has modified melodramatically above the years. Convict sentencing across the 1700s was harsher, and encompassed the use of corporal penalty, meaning each penalty that involves infliction of pain on the human body (Foster, 2006). In the American dominions, the demise penalty came to be obtainable, but was scarcely grasped out. It was utilized for an expansive collection of offenses from slaughter to select pocketing. There were a collection of demise penalties and these were hanging, blazed at the stake, drawn and quartered, demise alongside dissection and hanging in chains. The target of the demise penalty is a combination of retribution and deterrence as there is an "eye for an eye" agent, and additionally, the fact that it was completed in area locations was to deter others from committing crimes. A little of the most weighty offenders were hung adjacent the locale of their offense as a class to residents of that area. The target of this sentencing was to raise the horror and dishonor of the death penalty and so deter others from committing offenses that would lead to such a punishment. The use of the demise penalty in the 1700's counseled the main aims of sentencing in the 1700's was retribution and incapacitation, though, the punishments of branding and lashing, alongside the methods in that the demise penalty was grasped out additionally evoke that there are a little restraint and denunciation aims in the sentences. Though, in present periods, these aims are additionally present but in less seeming methods in the form of punishments such as long words of imprisonment and tagging. Similarly, in the 1700's fines were utilized as a penalty, displaying that there was additionally a reparative aim. The rising use of imprisonment in the 1700's might additionally perhaps display a rehabilitative target of sentencing.

In today's area, there are...

References: Foster, B. (2006). Corrections: The Fundamentals. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Whyte, A., & Baker, J. (2000, May 8). Prison Labor on the Rise in U.S.. Retrieved from http://www.wsws.org
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Kosof, Anna. Prison Life: The Crisis Today. New York: Franklin Watts, A Division
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Ezorsky, G. (1977). Philosophical Perspectives on Punishment
Mays, G.L
Schmalleger, F. & Smykla, J.O. (2011). Corrections in the 21st century. New York, N.Y. McGraw Hill
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David K. Haasenritter, “Military Correctional System: An Overview,” Corrections Today, 65, No. 7 (December 2003), 58-61.
J. W. Roberts, “Federal Bureau of Prisons: Its Mission, Its History, and Its Partnership with Probation and Pretrial Services,” Federal Probation, 61, No. 1 (March 1997), 53-57.
Paul W. Keve, Prisons and the American Conscience: A History of U.S. Federal Corrections (Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1991).
The American Prison: From the Beginning…A Pictorial History, (College Park, MD: The American Correctional Association, 1983).
Normal Morris and David J. Rothman, Editors, The Oxford History of the Prison: The Practice of Punishment in Western Society (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1995).
Richard P. Seiter, Correctional Administration: Integrating Theory and Practice (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2002).
Federal Bureau of Prisons, Legal Resource Guide to the Federal Bureau of Prisons 2003 (Washington, DC: US Dept. Justice, 2003).
Joseph Summerill, “Reforming Prison Contracting: An Examination of Federal Private Prison Contracts,” Corrections Today, 64, No. 7 (December 2002), 100-103.
David K. Haasenritter, “Military Correctional System: An Overview,” Corrections Today, 65, No. 7 (December 2003), 58-61.
Gregory J. Stroebel and John I. Hawthorne III, “Marine Corps Corrections Similar But Not Identical to Civilian Corrections,” Corrections Today, 65, No. 7 (December 2003), 62-64.
Michele D. Buisch, “High-Level Security Inmates,” Corrections Compendium, 28, No. 9 (September 2003), 9-28.
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