Philosophy 101 Study Guide

Topics: Logic, Immanuel Kant, Empiricism Pages: 14 (3868 words) Published: December 4, 2013
PHI 101

When: Thursday, the 26th Day of September, 2013, 3:00pm – 4:15pm Where: The same location our class normally meets
What to bring: Your ASU Student ID, for when you hand in your exam &
An Exam book (blue book or green book) available at the bookstore &
A Scan-tron form (bubble-in forms) available at the bookstore & TWO number 2 pencils for filling in the scantron form &
A blue or black ink pen (optional – pencil ok), for your exam book. I will not have extras available. If you forget yours, you’ll have to rely on the kindness of your peers or else run to the bookstore to buy some, losing you valuable time. If you bring extras for your peers, they will be supremely grateful. Structure of the Exam

The exam will consist of:
60 multiple choice questions (for Scantron form)
Worth 4 points each
240 points total
questions limited to topics covered on this study guide
1 essay question (for exam book)
worth 60 points total
questions will be broad and comprehensive for Unit 1.
Answer should be 4-5 paragraphs
Study Guide Warranty
you fill out this study guide completely based on your notes, the readings, and the lectures, making a recognizably serious attempt to put in relevant and correct information, and you turn in the completed study guide prior to the exam, either

as a MS Word attachment sent by e-mail to, with the subject line “PHI 101 STUDY GUIDE WARRANTY”, or
as a paper copy turned in to the SHPRS office on the 4th floor of Coor hall, time-stamped and clearly marked on the top page “Jeff Watson, Phi 101”, or
as a paper copy turned in on the day of the exam prior to picking up your exam. and you take the quiz and answer all 60 of the multiple-choice true/false questions. THEN:
On the multiple-choice section of the exam, you will receive at least 173 out of 240 points (72%, equivalent to a B-/C+).
If you receive fewer than 173 points on the multiple-choice section, and you turned in the completed study guide, then contact me after the exam, and I will automatically raise your grade on the multiple-choice section to 173 points.

No warranties are here given for the essay portion of the exam.
If you don’t take advantage of this warranty, and you get less than 173 points, no excuses or complaints. STUDY GUIDE FOR MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

From Solomon’s Little Philosophy Book:

Chapter 1

What did the followers of Confucius teach? How did Confucius’s virtues differ from Socrates?
Socrates emphasized the importance of the individual soul, however; Confucius insisted that what was most important in life were one’s relationships with other people. Confucius wanted to live life the right way by being honorable and faithful while Socrates believed living life the right way had to do with looking after the good of one’s own soul. Confucius teaches that one follows the dao by being respectful of the customs of one’s society, by being deferential to one’s parents, and by being a good citizen.

What did the Daoists teach? How did they differ from the Confucians?
Daoists act “more towards nature” rather than relating with social proprieties. They liked living naturally and a simple and respectful life. Daoist teachings aren’t teachers but rather paths that guide people to finding their true natural selves.

What did Buddhism teach about the self?
The Buddha taught that not only individuality but the universe as a whole was something of an illusion. Focuses less on individual self and more on living in harmony with the larger spiritual world, like Daoism.

Who were Plato, Socrates, and Aristotle? How did they know each other?
They were all early philosophers, Socrates wrote nothing down; Plato his prized student wrote down everything and that’s how we know about it/him and Aristotle was Plato’s student.

Chapter 4

What’s the difference between local skepticism and...
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