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Philippines

By jazarls Mar 12, 2013 1435 Words
Tourism in the Philippines

Tourism in the Philippines is a major economic contributor to the Philippine economy. The Philippines is an archipelagic country composed of 7,107 islands. It offers a rich biodiversity with its tropical rainforests, mountains, beaches, coral reefs, islands, and diverse range of flora and fauna, making it as one of the megadiverse countries in the world. In 2012, the country attracted 4,272,811 visitors.

History
Philippine tourism flourished in the 1970s and early 1980s but declined in the mid 1980s, with the average length of tourist stay falling from 12.6 days in earlier years to 8.9 days in 1988. In 1987, tourism growth was slower in the Philippines than in other Southeast Asian countries. About 1.2 million tourists visited the Philippines in 1992, which was a record high in the number of tourist visits since 1989. In 2000, the Philippines' tourist arrivals totaled 2.2 million. In 2003, it totaled 2,838,000, a growth of almost 29%, and was expected to grow as much as 3.4 million in 2007. In the first quarter of 2007, the tourist arrival in the Philippines grew as much as 20% in same period last year. In 2011, the Department of Tourism recorded 3.9 million tourists visiting the country,11.2 percent higher than the 3.5 million registered in 2010.

Top 25 international visitors
Data from the Department of Tourism.
Rank| Country| 2009| 2010| 2011| 2012|
1|  South Korea| 497,936| 740,622| 925,204| 1,031,155| 2|  United States| 582,537| 600,165| 624,527| 652,626| 3|  Japan| 324,980| 358,744| 375,496| 412,474|
4|  China| 155,019| 187,446| 243,137| 250,883|
5|  Taiwan| 102,274| 142,455| 181,738| 216,511|
6|  Australia| 132,330| 147,469| 170,736| 191,150|
7|  Singapore| 98,305| 121,083| 137,802| 148,215|
8|  Canada| 99,012| 106,345| 117,423| 123,699|
9|  Hong Kong| 122,786| 133,746| 112,106| 118,666|
10|  Malaysia| 68,679| 79,694| 91,752| 114,513|
11|  United Kingdom| 91,009| 96,925| 104,466| 113,282| 12|  Germany| 55,912| 58,725| 61,193| 67,023|
13|  India| 32,817| 34,581| 42,884| 46,395|
14|  Guam| 39,323| 40,928| 41,013| 42,695|
15|  Thailand| 34,212| 36,713| 37,862| 40,987|
16|  Indonesia| 29,188| 31,997| 34,542| 36,627|
17|  France| 24,572| 27,302| 29,591| 33,709|
18|  Saudi Arabia| 19,101| 22,214| 27,945| 30,040|
19|  Russia| 10,674| 14,642| 20,185| 28,270|
20|  Switzerland| 18,711| 21,224| 22,335| 23,557|
21|  Netherlands| 18,586| 19,227| 21,029| 22,195|
22|  Sweden| 13,383| 15,510| 17,973| 21,807|
23|  Vietnam| 13,392| 17,311| 17,781| 20,817|
24|  Norway| 14,781| 16,742| 17,959| 19,572|
25|  Italy| 15,047| 16,350| 15,798| 16,740|
Full list of arrivals by country of residence|

Destinations and Attractions
Cities
Skyline of Cebu City
* Metro Manila is the capital region of the Philippines and a major hub for business, entertainment, arts and culture. The City of Manila is notable for its cultural attractions like the Spanish colonial buildings in Intramuros and Fort Santiago, and the World Heritage Site of San Agustin Church. Makati, the region's financial center, is noted for its cosmopolitan culture. * Cebu City is the Philippines' second city. Popular attractions in Cebu include monuments to Ferdinand Magellan's discovery of the Philippines like the Magellan's Cross and Magellan shrine and other Spanish relics like Fort San Pedro, Basilica of Santo Niño and Colon Street, the oldest street in the Philippines. The Sinulog festival in the city is also a major tourist draw. * Baguio is considered the "Summer Capital of the Philippines" because of its cool weather caused by its high altitude. Burnham Park, Wright Park and Mines View Park are some of its famous landmarks. American-era buildings such as the Baguio Mansion House, Baguio Cathedral and the American Residence at Camp John Hay also serve as tourist attractions. The city is a popular stop for tourists going to the Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras, a World Heritage site, and the town of Sagada. * Davao City is famous for Mount Apo, the country's tallest peak. Notable destinations in the city are the Philippine Eagle Center, Samal Island, Crocodile Park, and Malagos Garden. * Angeles is notable for tourists destinations like Mount Pinatubo, Subic Bay, Mount Samat, Clark Expo, Paskuhan Village, and the old American military base at Fort Stotsenburg. Being only 90 kilometers north from Metro Manila, the city's Clark International Airport also serves as its second international gateway. * Bacolod

* Cagayan de Oro
* Dumaguete
* General Santos
* Iloilo
* Laoag
* Legazpi
* Naga
* Puerto Princesa
* Tagaytay
* Vigan
* Zamboanga City

Beachs and Islands

As a tropical country with a long coastline and with more than 7,107 islands, the Philippines offers a wide selection of beaches and islands around its archipelago. White sand beaches are common around the country and some of its beaches received international recognition and awards such as Boracay, famous for its long white sand beach. Most of the islands in the Philippines represents a rich biodiversity with lush forests, islets, rocky coves, mountains, coral reefs and beaches such as Bohol and Palawan. * Boracay

* El Nido
* Samal Island
* Panglao Island
* Cuyo Archipelago
* Mactan Island
* Bantayan Island
* Malapascua Island
* Tuka Beach
* Tingko Beach
* Camaya Coast
* Coron Island
* Pamalican Island
* Pagudpud
* Patar Beach
* Caramoan Peninsula
* White Island
* Camotes Islands
* Puerto Galera
* Bohol
* Palawan
* Sangat Island
* Manamoc
* Buena Suerte
* Laiya Beach
* West Nalaut Island
* Santa Ana, Cagayan
* Great Santa Cruz Island
* Siargao Island
* Apo Island
* Siquijor Island

National Parks and Nature Reserves
* Banaue Rice Terraces- is a 2000-year old terraces that were carved into the mountains of Ifugao * Puerto Princesa Underground River- is a underground river that features a spectacular limestone karst landscape and represents a significant habitat for biodiversity conservation. It has been chosen as one of the New7Wonders of Nature. * Tubbataha Reef- is an atoll coral reef located in the Sulu Sea. * Apo Reef- is a series of coral reefs encompassing 34 square kilometers within the waters of Occidental Mindoro. It is the world's second-largest contiguous coral reef system and the largest in the country. * Mayon Volcano- is an active volcano in the province of Albay, it is famous for its perfect cone shape. * Chocolate Hills- is an unusual geological formation in Bohol which has over 1,260 hills spread over an area of more than 50 square kilometres (20 sq mi). * Mount Apo- is the tallest mountain in the Philippines and a popular destination for hiking activities. * Baroque Churches of the Philippines- are four churches found in the country built in the Spanish colonial times. Their unique architectural style is a reinterpretation of European Baroque by Chinese and Philippine craftsmen. * Taal Volcano- is the world's smallest active volcano.

* Batanes Islands- is a province comprising ten islands that are located in the Luzon Strait. * Hundred Islands- are islands scattered along the Lingayen Gulf with pocket beaches and coral reefs. * Sagay Marine Reserve- is the largest marine reserve in the Philippines, covering an area of 32,000 hectares. * Loboc River- is a river on Bohol which offers a vista of lush tropical vegetation such as nipa palms, coconut trees, banana groves, and bushes. * Mount Pinatubo- is a volcano which erupted on 1991. After the major eruption a crater lake was formed called Lake Pinatubo. * Pagsanjan Falls- is one of the most famous waterfalls in the country located in the province of Laguna. * Tabon Cave- are a set of caves north of Quezon municipality, in the southwestern part of the province of Palawan. * Lake Balinsasayao- is one of two small but deep crater lakes rising 1,000 feet (300 m) above sea level * Biak-na-Bato National Park- is centered on a mountain gorge sliced by the Balaong River. More than a hundred caves of varying sizes and crystalline mineral formations are spread across the park. * Balbalasang-Balbalan National Park- is a protected area located in the municipality of Balbalan, Kalinga. The park covers an area of 1,338 hectares. * Mount Pulag- the highest mountain in the island of Luzon, it is also famous for hiking activties. * Mount Kitanglad- is an inactive volcano located in the Kitanglad Mountain Range in Bukidnon province on Mindanao island. * Quezon Memorial Circle- is a national park and shrine located in Quezon City.

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