Mascardo, maria jida
submitted to: mrs. leonora villarin
NOW AND THEN
TABLE OF CONTENTS
DEFINITION OF TERMS
STATE THE PROBLEM
I would like to express my gratitude to those who have inspired and helped me in my endeavor to create this project for my accomplishment course in English IV.
First and foremost, before anybody else, I am so grateful to God, my perfect hero and my lifetime partner for giving me strength, set mind and heart in making my term paper.
Never forgotten beloved family for their unending love and support. For financial governance and for providing my needs and supplies.
To my aunts and other loved ones for bringing smiles despite every hard times and tiring moments;
To my friends, classmates and my schoolmates, my inspiration;
To my teachers, my mentors;
And to my neighbors for the encouragement.
Special thanks to MNM Internet Café, Poblacion, Ginatilan, Cebu and Rdno Mini Libraray for giving me ideas and elaborated explanations about my preferred topic.
I thank you all.
Political dynasties in the Philippine
Politics in the Philippines has been under the control of a few notable families. It is normal for a politician 's son, wife, brother, or other kinsman, to run for the same or other government office. The term coined by Filipinos to describe this practice is "Political dynasty", the equivalent of anoligarchy in political science.
One can trace its roots from the Spanish colonial times where favored families of the mestizo stock, or the Illustrados were given responsibilities of Gobernadorcillo, or Alcalde. As such, these
Bibliography: In the 12th Congress of the Philippines In the 14th Congress of the Philippines (from July 23, 2007 to June 4, 2010), it was surveyed that more than 75% of the lawmakers are members of the old political families.